Abstract

The linear electro-optical effect was induced in optical fibers by thermal poling. A Sagnac all-spliced fiber loop was constructed incorporating an electro-optical fiber used as a phase modulator at 1.5μm and stable switching was obtained. A rise time of 40ns was obtained, and signals <2V generated a measurable optical response.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. St. J. Russel, Opt. Lett. 19, 701 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X.-C. Long, S. R. J. Brueck, and M. L. Minden, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 355-359.
  5. W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, and N. Myrén, Proc. SPIE 6343, 634319 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. B. Mortimer, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, and N. Myrén, Proc. SPIE 6343, 634319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. St. J. Russel, Opt. Lett. 19, 701 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

D. B. Mortimer, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Alley, T. G.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X.-C. Long, S. R. J. Brueck, and M. L. Minden, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 355-359.

Carvalho, H. R.

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, I. C. S.

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Fischer, R.

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P.

Lesche, B.

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Long, X. C.

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Long, X.-C.

X.-C. Long, S. R. J. Brueck, and M. L. Minden, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 355-359.

Margulis, W.

W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, and N. Myrén, Proc. SPIE 6343, 634319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Minden, M. L.

X.-C. Long, S. R. J. Brueck, and M. L. Minden, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 355-359.

Moreira, M. F.

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mortimer, D. B.

D. B. Mortimer, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, N.

Myers, R. A.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myrén, N.

W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, and N. Myrén, Proc. SPIE 6343, 634319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russel, P. St. J.

Tarasenko, O.

W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, and N. Myrén, Proc. SPIE 6343, 634319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Triques, A. L. C.

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. L. C. Triques, I. C. S. Carvalho, M. F. Moreira, H. R. Carvalho, R. Fischer, B. Lesche, and W. Margulis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2948 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. B. Mortimer, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

W. Margulis, O. Tarasenko, and N. Myrén, Proc. SPIE 6343, 634319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

X.-C. Long, S. R. J. Brueck, and M. L. Minden, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 355-359.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the Sagnac fiber loop incorporating an electro-optical fiber. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response of the Sagnac interferometer when the electro-optical fiber phase modulator is driven by 10 V amplitude 500 ns long pulses from a signal generator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical response of the Sagnac interferometer (dots) and phase shift (squares) to low amplitude voltage. V x = 182 V .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Switching the Sagnac interferometer with voltage pulses in the neighborhood of V π .

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