Abstract

We report the observation of lambda-configuration electromagnetically induced transparency as well as optical pumping in rubidium-filled kagome-structure hollow-coated-core photonic crystal fiber. We show that a polydimethylsiloxane coating of the fiber core reduces the linewidth of the transparency below that which could be expected for an uncoated fiber. The measured 6MHz linewidth was dominated by optical broadening.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 5694 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 263, 28 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. S. Light, F. Couny, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 31, 2538 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. G. Robinson and C. E. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 771 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Opt. Lett. 31, 3574 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Graf and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4030 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 263, 28 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Light, F. Couny, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 31, 2538 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Opt. Lett. 31, 3574 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 5694 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Graf and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4030 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

H. G. Robinson and C. E. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 771 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arimondo, E.

M. Graf and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4030 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beenakker, J. J. M.

H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 263, 28 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Light, F. Couny, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 31, 2538 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Opt. Lett. 31, 3574 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 5694 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhagwat, A. R.

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couny, F.

Delaney, M.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghosh, S.

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goh, S.

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graf, M.

M. Graf and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4030 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Happer, W.

W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Janssen, D.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, C. E.

H. G. Robinson and C. E. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 771 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuscer, I.

H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Levine, M. W.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Light, P. S.

Ouzounov, D. G.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renshaw, C. K.

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, H. G.

H. G. Robinson and C. E. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 771 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 263, 28 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 5694 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanier, J.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Werij, H. C. G.

H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. Y.

C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. G. Robinson and C. E. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 771 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 263, 28 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Graf and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4030 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. G. Werij, J. P. Woerdman, J. J. M. Beenakker, and I. Kuscer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2237 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) image of the kagome HC-PCF cross section. (c) SEM of the core (separated from the surrounding structure) of a PDMS-coated HC-PCF. (c) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. PD, photodiode; NPBS, nonpolarizing beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; GTP, Glan–Thompson polarizer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Probe transmission through a 30 cm length of HC-PCF as a function of detuning, showing Rb 87 and Rb 87 D 1 lines ( 5 S 1 2 5 P 1 2 ) , illustrating the presence of Rb with the core of the fiber. (b) Probe transmission through the same fiber in the presence of a copropagating 10 μ W beam tuned to the energy levels shown in the inset.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Probe transmission through the 30 cm HC-PCF in the presence of a 1.6 μ W coupling beam, for a lambda configuration displaying EIT (black curve). Inset (left), detail of the induced transparency peak illustrating the linewidth. Inset (right), lambda energy level scheme in Rb 85 , indicating the probe ( Ω p ) and coupling ( Ω c ) transitions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Evolution of the EIT peak height (black points) and linewidth (gray points) as a function of both coupling laser power and coupling Rabi frequency. The circles represent points where the coupling and probe transitions were interchanged compared with those described in the text.

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