Abstract

We report an experimental demonstration of all-optical switching at ultralow light levels in coherently prepared Rb atoms. A signal light pulse is switched on and off by a control light pulse at different frequencies in a four-level atomic system based on multiphoton interferences. We observed a switching efficiency of 55% with the signal and control light pulses containing 20 photons each, corresponding to a control energy density of 105 photons per atomic cross section λ2(2π).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Deng and M. G. Payne, Phys. Rev. A 71, 011803(R) (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (5)

L. Deng and M. G. Payne, Phys. Rev. A 71, 011803(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Brown and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 30, 699 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, Z. H. Tsai, Y. C. Liu, and I. A. Yu, Opt. Lett. 30, 3207 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Soliacic, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, Science 29, 672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 27, 1354 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 123603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan, E. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Balic, V.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baluschev, S.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Braje, D. A.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. W.

Chen, Y. F.

Clark, S. M.

A. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, Science 29, 672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, A.

A. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, Science 29, 672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deng, L.

L. Deng and M. G. Payne, Phys. Rev. A 71, 011803(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

A. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, Science 29, 672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goorskey, D.

Ham, B. S.

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haus, L. V.

M. Soliacic, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernandez, G.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 73, 011802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huss, A.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Illing, L.

A. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, Science 29, 672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. Soliacic, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 73, 011802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Korsunsky, E. A.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuan, P. C.

Leinfellner, N.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lidorikis, E.

M. Soliacic, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. C.

Lin, W. H.

Liu, Y. C.

Lundeen, J. S.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 123603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, M. G.

L. Deng and M. G. Payne, Phys. Rev. A 71, 011803(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R. J.

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Resch, K. J.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 123603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rickey, E.

M. Yan, E. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Soliacic, M.

M. Soliacic, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinberg, A. M.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 123603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, Z. H.

Wang, C. Y.

Wang, H.

Windholz, L.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

Yamamoto, Y.

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

M. Yan, E. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, I. A.

Zhang, J.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 73, 011802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 73, 011802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, E. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Soliacic, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 73, 011802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Deng and M. G. Payne, Phys. Rev. A 71, 011803(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, E. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 123603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, Science 29, 672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical switching scheme with a four-level system. (b) Detailed coupling scheme of Rb 85 atoms with circularly polarized laser fields.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simplified diagram of the experimental setup: AOM, acousto-optic modulator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; PMF, polarization-maintaining fiber; SMF, single-mode fiber; λ 4 , quarter-wave plate; DL, extended-cavity diode laser; M, mirror; D, photon counter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured (solid curves) and calculated (dashed curves) transmission spectra of the combined signal and control fields versus the frequency detuning Δ c = Δ s . The experimental parameters are Ω 1 ( 2 π ) Ω 2 ( 2 π ) 5.4 MHz , Ω p ( 2 π ) Ω c ( 2 π ) 0.1 MHz , and Δ 1 = Δ 2 = 0 . The fitting parameters are γ 2 = 0.02 γ 3 and the optical depth is n σ 13 l = 5 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Light pulse transmission versus time. Dots (solid curves) are the experimental data (the numerical fits of the Gaussian pulses). The experimental parameters are Ω 1 ( 2 π ) Ω 2 ( 2 π ) 5.4 MHz , and Δ i = 0 ( i = s , 1, c, and 2).

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