Abstract

We report on a series of chromophores that have been synthesized with a modulated conjugation path between donor and acceptor. Hyper-Rayleigh scattering measurements of the best molecule show an enhanced intrinsic hyperpolarizability that breaches the apparent limit of all previously studied molecules.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 25, 1183 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1218 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 28, 135 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 039902 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Photon. News 14 (12) 26 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Zhou, M. G. Kuzyk, and D. S. Watkins, Opt. Lett. 31, 2891 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.
  10. M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8327 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Pérez-Moreno and M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 194101 (2003).
  12. J. C. May, J. H. Lim, I. Biaggio, N. N. P. Moonen, T. Michinobu, and F. Diederich, Opt. Lett. 30, 3057 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).
  14. K. Clays and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2980 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. Clays and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 3285 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).

2003

M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Pérez-Moreno and M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 194101 (2003).

M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 039902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Photon. News 14 (12) 26 2003.
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 28, 135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1218 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 25, 1183 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 3285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2980 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biaggio, I.

Chen, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).

Cheng, L. T.

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Clays, K.

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 3285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2980 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Coe, B. J.

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diederich, F.

Hao, J.

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Kelley, A. M.

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, L.

Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).

Kuzyk, M. G.

J. Zhou, M. G. Kuzyk, and D. S. Watkins, Opt. Lett. 31, 2891 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 039902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Photon. News 14 (12) 26 2003.
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Pérez-Moreno and M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 194101 (2003).

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 28, 135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 25, 1183 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1218 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Lim, J. H.

Marder, S. R.

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

May, J. C.

Michinobu, T.

Moonen, N. N. P.

Olbrechts, G.

G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Moreno, J.

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Pérez-Moreno and M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 194101 (2003).

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Persoons, A.

G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 3285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2980 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, L.

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Rikken, G.

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E. H.

Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Spangler, C. W.

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stiegman, A. E.

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Strobbe, R.

G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tam, W.

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tripathi, K.

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Y.

Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).

Watkins, D. S.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

Zhou, J.

Int. Chem. Eng.

Q. Y. Chen, L. Kuang, Z. Y. Wang, and E. H. Sargent, Int. Chem. Eng. 4, 1673 (2004).

J. Chem. Phys.

K. Tripathi, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, B. J. Coe, K. Clays, and A. M. Kelley, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7932 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Cheng, W. Tam, S. R. Marder, A. E. Stiegman, G. Rikken, and C. W. Spangler, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 10643 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Pérez-Moreno and M. G. Kuzyk, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 194101 (2003).

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Photon. News 14 (12) 26 2003.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 039902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2980 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Kuzyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1218 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

K. Clays and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 3285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Olbrechts, R. Strobbe, K. Clays, and A. Persoons, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

Y. Shen, L. Qiu, J. Hao, Y. Zhao, J. Pérez-Moreno, M. G. Kuzyk, and K. Clays, 'Complex hybrid conjugation as a means for improving the intrinsic hyperpolarizability,' manuscript in preparation.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecules.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Zero-frequency hyperpolarizability normalized to the fundamental limit, as a function of wavelength of maximum absorption.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Molecular Properties a

Equations (1)

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β MAX = 3 4 ( e m ) 3 N 3 2 E 10 7 2 ,

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