Abstract

A novel pH sensor based on the deposition of electrostatic self-assembled polyallylamine hydrochloride and polyacrylic acid on the cladding of a long-period fiber grating has been designed. The overlay thickness is of the order of magnitude of the light wavelength used to interrogate the sensor. A theoretical model of multilayer cylindrical waveguides based on coupled-mode theory has been used to predict the position of the attenuation bands as a function of the overlay thickness. A study of the role that pH plays in the thickness of the sensitive overlay was carried out. Experimentally, a wavelength shift of the attenuation bands of up to 85nm was obtained in the 4–7 range of pH units. The results are reproducible, which indicates the possibilities of a multiple-use sensor.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, Sens. Actuators B 90, 143 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Decher, Science 277, 1232 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. S. Shiratori and M. F. Rubner, Macromolecules 33, 4213 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23 (2006).
  8. I. Del Villar, M. Achaerandio, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, Opt. Lett. 30, 720 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. F. Durstock and M. F. Rubner, Langmuir 17, 7865 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, J. Opt. A 8, S430 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, Opt. Express 14, 19 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23 (2006).

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, J. Opt. A 8, S430 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, Opt. Express 14, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, Sens. Actuators B 90, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. F. Durstock and M. F. Rubner, Langmuir 17, 7865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. S. Shiratori and M. F. Rubner, Macromolecules 33, 4213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. Decher, Science 277, 1232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Achaerandio, M.

Arregui, F. J.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23 (2006).

I. Del Villar, M. Achaerandio, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, Opt. Lett. 30, 720 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagheri, M.

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, Sens. Actuators B 90, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Campopiano, S.

Caruso, F.

N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Contessa, L.

Culshaw, B.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cusano, A.

Cutolo, A.

Czerney,

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Decher, G.

G. Decher, Science 277, 1232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Del Villar, I.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23 (2006).

I. Del Villar, M. Achaerandio, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, Opt. Lett. 30, 720 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durstock, M. F.

M. F. Durstock and M. F. Rubner, Langmuir 17, 7865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fery, A.

N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giordano, M.

Graham, N. B.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Iadicicco, A.

James, S. W.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, J. Opt. A 8, S430 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kato, N.

N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Konstantaki, M.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, H.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Matias, I. R.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23 (2006).

I. Del Villar, M. Achaerandio, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, Opt. Lett. 30, 720 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKenzie, I.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Michie, W. C.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, G. J.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moran, C.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pilla, P.

Rubner, M. F.

M. F. Durstock and M. F. Rubner, Langmuir 17, 7865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Shiratori and M. F. Rubner, Macromolecules 33, 4213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Safavi, A.

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, Sens. Actuators B 90, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schuetz, P.

N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schwotzer, G.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shiratori, S. S.

S. S. Shiratori and M. F. Rubner, Macromolecules 33, 4213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tatam, R. P.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, J. Opt. A 8, S430 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1415 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, J. Opt. A 8, S430 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23 (2006).

Langmuir (1)

M. F. Durstock and M. F. Rubner, Langmuir 17, 7865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules (2)

N. Kato, P. Schuetz, A. Fery, and F. Caruso, Macromolecules 35, 9780 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Shiratori and M. F. Rubner, Macromolecules 33, 4213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

G. Decher, Science 277, 1232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (2)

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, Sens. Actuators B 29, 392 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, Sens. Actuators B 90, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for pH measurement. SMF, single-mode fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Theoretical evolution of cladding-mode resonances for the deposition of a material with refractive index 1.550. Grating period, 320 μ m , ambient refractive index (water), n ambient = 1.330 . (b) Experimental evolution of the attenuation bands in the range 1150 1650 nm when depositing [ PAH PAA ] 25 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Response of the [ PAH PAA ] 25 pH-sensor (a) solution pH, (b) response of the highest cladding mode, (c) full optical spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Response of the [ PAH PAA ] 25 multilayer sensor to pH variations in the range 4–7.

Metrics