Abstract

A high Q-factor photonic microwave filter showing tuning and reshaping capabilities and based on stimulated Brillouin scattering is demonstrated. The filter bandpass can be continuously tuned, changing the microwave oscillator used to generate the pump power, and the filter shape can be modified by modulating the microwave tone. A single bandpass over the microwave spectrum can be obtained by using single-sideband suppressed carrier modulation. Experimental results demonstrate the wide tuning range of the filter, its reshaping capability, and Q factor of 670.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2006 (1)

2005 (5)

2004 (2)

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Zeng and J. Yao, Opt. Express 12, 3814 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

J. K. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

C. G. Atkins, D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 22, 556 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Afshar, S.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

Andres, M. V.

Atkins, C. G.

C. G. Atkins, D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 22, 556 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X.

Benito, D.

Burdget, G. L.

Butler, D. L.

Capmany, J.

Chbat, M. W.

Chen, L.

Corral, J. L.

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

C. G. Atkins, D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 22, 556 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Dolfi, D.

Esman, R. D.

J. K. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Garcés, I.

Garde, M. J.

Goldhar, J.

González Herráez, M.

González-Herráez, M.

Huignard, J. P.

Kikuchi, K.

Lázaro, J. A.

Loayssa, A.

Martí, J.

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Minasian, R. A.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

Norcia, S.

Ortega, B.

Pastor, D.

Polo, V.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

Salinas, I.

Smith, D. W.

C. G. Atkins, D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 22, 556 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Takushima, Y.

Tanemura, T.

Thévenaz, L.

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

Vidal, B.

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villafranca, A.

Wan, Y.

Wey, J. S.

Williams, J. K.

J. K. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

C. G. Atkins, D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 22, 556 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

You, N.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

Zou, L.

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. G. Atkins, D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, Electron. Lett. 22, 556 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, and J. Martí, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the proposed photonic microwave filter based on SBS. DFB, distributed feedback laser; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; DD-MZM, dual-drive MZM; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Generation of Brillouin gain due to SBS interaction between the pump and Stokes waves. For microwave filtering, the SSB-modulated optical carrier and a pump wave are counterpropagated. Both signals are derived from the same optical carrier ( ν p ) . To allow the tuning of the filter response, the pump wave is generated by an external modulator in MITB with a microwave oscillator of frequency f OL = f bandpass - ν B .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Filter response of the photonic microwave filter based on SBS between 1 and 19 GHz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Filter responses showing tuning capability ( f OL = 1 GHZ ) . The filter response central frequencies are 9.55 and 10.55 GHz .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Filter responses showing reconfiguration capability. The solid response is obtained by using one microwave oscillator, f OL = 6 GHz ; the dotted one uses two microwave oscillators, f OL 1 = 5.965 GHz and f OL 2 = 6 GHz .

Equations (3)

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f filter bandpass = f OL + ν B ,
f filter notch = f OL ν B
g ( Δ ν ) = P ( Δ ν ) g B ( Δ ν ) ,

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