Abstract

A tapered semiconductor amplifier is injection seeded by a femtosecond optical frequency comb at 780nm from a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. Energy gains of more than 17dB (12dB) are obtained for 1mW (20mW) of average input power when the input pulses are stretched into the picosecond range. A spectral window of supercontinuum light generated in a photonic fiber has also been amplified. Interferometric measurements show sub-Hertz linewidths for a heterodyne beat between the input and amplified comb components, yielding no detectable phase-noise degradation under amplication. These amplifiers can be used to boost the infrared power in f-to-2f interferometers used to determine the carrier-to-envelope offset frequency, with clear advantages for stabilization of octave-spanning femtosecond lasers and other supercontinuum light sources.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. At 780nm we used TSA model EYP-TPA-0780-00500-3006-CMT03-0000 from EagleYard. TSAs at 1.08?m are also available from different companies. Mention of commercial products is for information only; it does not imply NIST recommendation or endorsement, nor does it imply that the products mentioned are necessarily the best available for the purpose.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Y. Lai, K. L. Hall, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

Bize, S.

Chang, Y. H.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, F. C.

D. A. Manoel, D. L. S. Figueira, D. Pereira, and F. C. Cruz, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 43, 1311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

J. Ye and S. T. Cundiff, eds., Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb Technology (Springer-Verlag, 2005).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delfyett, P. J.

K. Kim, S. Lee, and P. J. Delfyett, Opt. Express 13, 4600 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Dienes, A.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

Y. Lai, K. L. Hall, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, G.

Figueira, D. L. S.

D. A. Manoel, D. L. S. Figueira, D. Pereira, and F. C. Cruz, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 43, 1311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

Gehrig, E.

Hall, J. L.

Hall, K. L.

Y. Lai, K. L. Hall, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hess, O.

Hollberg, L. W.

Holman, K. W.

Hong, M. Y.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D. D.

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Kaertner, F. X.

Kim, J.

Kim, K.

Kitching, J.

Kleppner, D.

Kuzucu, O.

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, K. L. Hall, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Ma, L. S.

Manoel, D. A.

D. A. Manoel, D. L. S. Figueira, D. Pereira, and F. C. Cruz, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 43, 1311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, J. H.

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matos, L.

Mehuys, D.

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mewes, M. O.

Nevsky, A. Y.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. Von Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky, and H. Walther, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C.

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. Von Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky, and H. Walther, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J. L.

Pereira, D.

D. A. Manoel, D. L. S. Figueira, D. Pereira, and F. C. Cruz, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 43, 1311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, A.

Robertsson, L.

Salomon, C.

Schibli, T. R.

Schreck, F.

Schwedes, C.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. Von Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky, and H. Walther, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, M.

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tremont, M. A.

Von Zanthier, J.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. Von Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky, and H. Walther, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Walther, H.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. Von Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky, and H. Walther, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D. F.

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Woll, D.

Ye, J.

Zimmermann, C.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. (1)

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. Von Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky, and H. Walther, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Lai, K. L. Hall, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 711 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) (1)

D. A. Manoel, D. L. S. Figueira, D. Pereira, and F. C. Cruz, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 43, 1311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. H. Marquardt, F. C. Cruz, M. Stephens, C. Oates, L. W. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, in Proc. SPIE 2834, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Ye and S. T. Cundiff, eds., Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb Technology (Springer-Verlag, 2005).
[CrossRef]

At 780nm we used TSA model EYP-TPA-0780-00500-3006-CMT03-0000 from EagleYard. TSAs at 1.08?m are also available from different companies. Mention of commercial products is for information only; it does not imply NIST recommendation or endorsement, nor does it imply that the products mentioned are necessarily the best available for the purpose.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of the mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser; spectrum after pulses have passed through 21 m of optical fiber (chirping); laser spectrum after amplification; profile of a 3 nm optical bandpass filter at 780 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gain corresponding to cw ( ) and pulsed injection. Indicated pulse durations are for a TSA BW of 14 nm : 25-fs TL input pulses widened to 62 fs ( ) , pulses chirped to 150 ps ( 44 nm ) and then spectrally filtered by the TSA BW to 47 ps ( ) , pulses chirped to 320 ps ( 44 nm ) and then spectrally filtered to 101 ps ( ) . Insets, corresponding output pulse shapes (total x scale, 200 ps ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Small-signal gain, with a 3 nm spectral filter inserted before the amplifier. Pulses reaching the amplifier are TL 25 fs ( 35 nm ) and then spectrally filtered to 62 fs ( 14 nm , ) ; pulses chirped to 320 ps ( 44 nm ) and then spectrally filtered to 101 ps ( 14 nm , ) ; pulses chirped to 320 ps ( 44 nm ) and then spectrally filtered to 21 ps ( 3 nm , ) ; and from the filtered photonic fiber supercontinuum ( ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beat note between input and amplified beams, showing subhertz linewidth.

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