Abstract

We present experimental results of enhanced second- and third-harmonic generation efficiency from Fresnel-lensing effects. We obtained enhancement by a factor of 6 in the third-harmonic yield by simply limiting the laser beam with an iris. Higher enhancement factors (up to 16) were obtained with a Fresnel zone plate. The experimental findings are in good agreement with the results of a simple theoretical analysis.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.
  2. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. V. Baez, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 405 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Cao and J. Jahns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 561 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. D. Pfeifer, L. D. Ferris, and W. M. Yen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 91 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.
  7. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999), pp. 412-430.
  8. K. D. Mielenz, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 103, 497 (1998).

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999), pp. 412-430.

1998 (1)

K. D. Mielenz, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 103, 497 (1998).

1992 (1)

A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.

1984 (1)

G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.

1973 (1)

1961 (1)

Baez, A. V.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999), pp. 412-430.

Cao, Q.

Christ, O.

G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferris, L. D.

Guttmann, P.

G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jahns, J.

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L'Huillier, A.

A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.

Lompré, L.

A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.

Mainfray, G.

A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.

Manus, C.

A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.

Mielenz, K. D.

K. D. Mielenz, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 103, 497 (1998).

Pfeifer, C. D.

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudolph, D.

G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.

Schmahl, G.

G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.

Spielmann, C.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999), pp. 412-430.

Yen, W. M.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. (1)

K. D. Mielenz, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 103, 497 (1998).

Science (1)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. L'Huillier, L. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, in Atoms in Intense Laser Fields, M.Gavrila, ed. (Academic, 1992), pp. 139-201.

G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, and O. Christ, in X-ray Microscopy, G.Schmahl and D.Rudolph, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1984), pp. 63-74.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999), pp. 412-430.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated values P 3 (continuous curve), P 2 (short-dashed curve), and P 1 (long-dashed curve) as a function of iris radius R normalized to free propagation ( R ) , assuming a Gaussian spatial beam profile incident upon the iris.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental TH yield as a function of iris radius R.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Enhancement Factors Obtained Using the Iris a

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Table 2 Enhancement Factors Obtained Using the FZP a

Equations (1)

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P k ( z , R ) = S I p k ( x , y , z ; R ) d x d y .

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