Abstract

Nematic liquid crystals are infiltrated into InP-based planar photonic crystals. Optical measurements as a function of temperature and polarization are used to study the average director field configuration in the nanometer-size holes: a planar equilibrium state is found.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. K.Busch, S.Lölkes, R.B.Wehrspohn, and H.Föll, eds., Photonic Crystals, (Wiley-VCH, 2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. F. Mingaleev, M. Schillinger, D. Hermann, and K. Busch, Opt. Lett. 29, 2858 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Loncar, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4648 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. M. Weiss, M. Haurylau, and P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 27, 740 (2005).
  7. B. Maune, J. Witzens, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Kolodrubetz, H. Atwater, A. Scherer, R. Hagen, and Y. Qiu, Opt. Express 13, 4699 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Li and S. T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).
  14. S. V. Burylov, JETP 85, 873 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (3)

S. M. Weiss, M. Haurylau, and P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 27, 740 (2005).

B. Maune, J. Witzens, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Kolodrubetz, H. Atwater, A. Scherer, R. Hagen, and Y. Qiu, Opt. Express 13, 4699 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

2004 (5)

J. Li and S. T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K.Busch, S.Lölkes, R.B.Wehrspohn, and H.Föll, eds., Photonic Crystals, (Wiley-VCH, 2004).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Mingaleev, M. Schillinger, D. Hermann, and K. Busch, Opt. Lett. 29, 2858 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

M. Loncar, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4648 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. T. Mansare, R. Decressain, C. Gors, and V. K. Dolganov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 382, 97 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. V. Burylov, JETP 85, 873 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Anand, S.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Burylov, S. V.

S. V. Burylov, JETP 85, 873 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

Decressain, R.

J. T. Mansare, R. Decressain, C. Gors, and V. K. Dolganov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 382, 97 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dolganov, V. K.

J. T. Mansare, R. Decressain, C. Gors, and V. K. Dolganov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 382, 97 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

Fauchet, P. M.

S. M. Weiss, M. Haurylau, and P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 27, 740 (2005).

Ferrini, R.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gors, C.

J. T. Mansare, R. Decressain, C. Gors, and V. K. Dolganov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 382, 97 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, R.

Haurylau, M.

S. M. Weiss, M. Haurylau, and P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 27, 740 (2005).

Hermann, D.

Houdré, R.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jamois, C.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kitzerow, H. S.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klopf, F.

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kolodrubetz, M.

Leuenberger, D.

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li and S. T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4648 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mansare, J. T.

J. T. Mansare, R. Decressain, C. Gors, and V. K. Dolganov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 382, 97 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Marsmann, H.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martz, J.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

Matthias, H.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maune, B.

Mertens, G.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mingaleev, S. F.

Moosburger, J.

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moosbürger, J.

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mulot, M.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neubert, M.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Plihal, M.

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

Reithmaier, J. P.

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Röder, T.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Schillinger, M.

Schuller, Ch.

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, S. L.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. J. M.

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S. M.

S. M. Weiss, M. Haurylau, and P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 27, 740 (2005).

Wild, B.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Witzens, J.

Wu, S. T.

J. Li and S. T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zuppiroli, L.

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Loncar, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4648 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Mertens, T. Röder, H. Matthias, H. Marsmann, H. S. Kitzerow, S. L. Schweizer, C. Jamois, R. B. Wehrspohn, and M. Neubert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3036 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdré, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. J. M. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosbürger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Li and S. T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

M. Mulot, R. Ferrini, B. Wild, J. Moosburger, A. Forchel, R. Houdré, and S. Anand, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 707 (2004).
[CrossRef]

JETP (1)

S. V. Burylov, JETP 85, 873 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A (1)

J. T. Mansare, R. Decressain, C. Gors, and V. K. Dolganov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 382, 97 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) (1)

S. M. Weiss, M. Haurylau, and P. M. Fauchet, Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 27, 740 (2005).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Martz, B. Wild, R. Ferrini, L. A. Dunbar, M. Mulot, S. Anand, R. Houdré, and L. Zuppiroli, in Proc. SPIE 5926, 592601 (2005).

K.Busch, S.Lölkes, R.B.Wehrspohn, and H.Föll, eds., Photonic Crystals, (Wiley-VCH, 2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured transmission spectra through an infiltrated Fabry–Perot (FP) cavity consisting of two four-row-thick Γ M -oriented PhC mirrors for T = 25 ° C (dotted black curve) and T = 40 ° C (solid black curve). The Airy fits of the FP resonances are shown (dotted gray curves). Inset, scanning electron microscopy top view of the FP cavity (W, cavity width).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Resonance wavelength ( λ peak ) as a function of temperature for the infiltrated FP cavity shown in Fig. 1. The LC phases are indicated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

E-field map calculated with a 2D plane wave expansion model[15] for (a) a simple PhC slab at an energy u in the air transmission band and (b) a FP cavity at an energy u inside the bandgap.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (black curves) and calculated (dotted gray curves) (a) TE and (b) TM transmission spectra through infiltrated eight-row-thick Γ M -oriented PhC slabs [see the inset of (a)]. Inset, E-field vector with respect to the light propagation direction ( k ) for both TE and TM polarizations and the average LC orientation parallel (‖) and perpendicular (⊥) to the hole axis.

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