Abstract

We have investigated the spectral properties of a band rejection filter made with a long-period fiber grating written in photonic crystal fiber that has interstitial air holes. Experiments showed that only one mode was coupled strongly to the fundamental core mode over a 600nm spectral range. The central wavelength of the filter could be tuned over that range without being appreciably affected by any other mode. By using the multipole method, we found that the interstitial air holes of the photonic crystal fiber played a critical role in limiting the number of modes that could strongly interact with the fundamental mode and in obtaining well-separated resonance peaks. Excellent agreement between theory and experiment was obtained.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).
  8. J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.
  9. T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martijn de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2322 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

M. Nielsen, G. Vienne, and J. R. Folkenberg, Opt. Lett. 28, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

1991 (1)

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

Birks, T. A.

Botten, L. C.

Choi, E. S.

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dobb, H.

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

Eom, J. B.

Folkenberg, J. R.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kim, J.

Kim, M. J.

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-J.

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kong, G. J.

J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Laming, R. I.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).

J. H. Lim, K. S. Lee, J. Kim, and B. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 29, 331 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Lee, J. B. Eom, J. Kim, D. S. Moon, U.-C. Paek, and G.-H. Yang, Opt. Lett. 27, 812 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. S.

J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).

J. H. Lim, K. S. Lee, J. Kim, and B. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 29, 331 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, J. H.

Martijn de Sterke, C.

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Mezentsev, V.

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

Moon, D. S.

Morkel, P. R.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M.

Paek, U.-C.

J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).

B. H. Lee, J. B. Eom, J. Kim, D. S. Moon, U.-C. Paek, and G.-H. Yang, Opt. Lett. 27, 812 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Petrovic, J. S.

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

Renversez, G.

Russell, P. St. J.

Tachibana, M.

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G.

Webb, D.

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

White, T. P.

Yang, G.-H.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Tachibana, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 118 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. Kim, G. J. Kong, U.-C. Paek, K. S. Lee, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-C, 920 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. S. Choi, Y.-J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. Lee, and B. H. Lee, in Proc. SPIE 4956, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. S. Petrovic, V. Mezentsev, H. Dobb, D. Webb, and I. Bennion, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuD2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectrum of a LPG written in a PCF. The inset is a scanning electron microscope photograph.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Numerical model of the air-hole geometry. There are four major layers of air holes and three ISA layers. Additionally, there is one missing ISA, as indicated by the arrow.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power portions of the modes calculated at λ = 1.55 μ m and plotted in terms of the normalized effective index difference [ n eff ( f ) n eff ( m ) ] λ λ = 1.55 μ m (a) without and (b) with the ISAs. The vertical line indicates the grating period at which point p has a resonant peak at a wavelength of 1.55 μ m .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase-matching curves plotted in terms of wavelength λ. The open circles are the experimental data measured with different grating periods, and the solid lines are the tracks of the points in Fig. 3(b) calculated at different wavelengths. The points crossed by the vertical line correspond to the points in Fig. 3(b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absolute values of the longitudinal component of the Poynting flux calculated at 1.55 μ m for (a) the fundamental core mode, (b) one of the two nearly degenerate modes at point p, (c) the largest modes at points q, and (d) the mode at point s in Fig. 3(b). The white circles are the air holes of the PCF.

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