Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a polarization shift keying label and a vestigial sideband carrier-suppressed return-to-zero payload scheme for a 43Gbits all-optical label switching network. This scheme has a narrow channel bandwidth and a low penalty due to polarization mode dispersion impairments, which confirm it as a candidate technique for the next generation of optical networks.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.
  3. N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.
  4. C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF83.
  5. C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 363 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 29, 1861 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2005 (ECOC, 2005).
  9. H. W. Chen, M. H. Chen, Y. T. Dai, S. Z. Xie, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Express 13, 2282 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. W. Chen, M. H. Chen, S. Z. Xie, and B. K. Zhou, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3313 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

2005 (3)

2004 (5)

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF83.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 29, 1861 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

2000 (1)

Barton, J.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bowers, J. E.

Chan, C.-K.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

Chen, H. W.

Chen, L.-K.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

Chen, M. H.

Chi, N.

N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2005 (ECOC, 2005).

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 29, 1861 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF83.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

Dai, Y. T.

Deng, N.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

Dimmick, T. E.

Doshi, R.

Hang, W.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

Holm-Nielsen, P. V.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y.

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

Hu, E.

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

Jappesen, P.

N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2005 (ECOC, 2005).

Jeppesen, P.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jerphagnon, O.

Kaman, V.

Kazovsky, L.

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

Kikuchi, N.

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

Lavrova, O.

Marhic, M.

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

Masanovic, M.

Mikkelsen, C.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

Ou, H.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

Rossi, G.

Seoane, J.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 29, 1861 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF83.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. S.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF83.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 29, 1861 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, K.

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

Xie, S. Z.

Xu, L.

N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2005 (ECOC, 2005).

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

Yu, S.

N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2005 (ECOC, 2005).

Zhang, J.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B. K.

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Chi, C. Mikkelsen, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 39, 1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

N. Chi, S. Yu, L. Xu, and P. Jappesen, in European Conference on Optical Communication 2005 (ECOC, 2005).

E. Hu, Y. Hsueh, K. Wong, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, and N. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FD2.

N. Chi, L. Xu, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Mikkelsen, H. Ou, J. Seoane, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO6.

N. Deng, Y. Yang, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and W. Hang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO5.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF83.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of PolSK over payload.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experiment setup: CWL, continuous wave laser; MZM, Mach–Zender modulator; PC, polarization controller; PM, phase modulator; BERT, BER tester.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of CSRZ and VSB-CSRZ: (a) spectra of CSRZ; (b) spectra of VSB-CSRZ; (c) eye diagram of CSRZ; (d) eye diagram of VSB-CSRZ; time base is 10 ps /div; (e) waveform of label signal based on CSRZ; (f) waveform of label signal based on VSB-CSRZ, time base is 2 ns /div.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER performance of label with and without VSB filtering.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER curves of payload and label with eye diagrams inserted.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves of payload B2B and after label erased, eye diagrams inserted.

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