Abstract

A novel implementation of transient nonlinear spectroscopy is presented that allows the study of the transient nonlinear polarization emitted from individual electronic transitions. Both the amplitude and the phase of the polarization are retrieved, permitting the implementation of multidimensional spectroscopy in the excitation pulse delays. The technique is shown to detect mutual coherent coupling in a group of individual, localized excitonic transitions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Langbein and B. Patton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdöven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

S. Mukamel, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 51, 691 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

Blankenship, R. E.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borri, P.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, Opt. Lett. 29, 884 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chériaux, G.

Cho, M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Boeij, W. P.

Demirdöven, N.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdöven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emde, M. F.

Fleming, G. R.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, Opt. Lett. 29, 884 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hvam, J. M.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

Keusters, D.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdöven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langbein, W.

W. Langbein and B. Patton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Martelli, F.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mukamel, S.

S. Mukamel, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 51, 691 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

Patton, B.

W. Langbein and B. Patton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Scaffetti, S.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stiopkin, I. V.

Suzaki, Y.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, P.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdöven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaswani, H. M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, W. S.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. A.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.

S. Mukamel, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 51, 691 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. Langbein and B. Patton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdöven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Measured R d 1 , 0 , R d 0 , 1 , and R d 1 , 2 in intensity and phase from a group of localized excitons for τ = 1 ps . Time-resolved (bottom) and spectrally resolved (top) data are shown. The pulse energies of P 1 , 2 were (1.4,2.6) fJ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) R s 1 , 2 ( ω 1 , ω ) 2 derived from measurements with τ = 0.4 , 0.6 , 10 ps . Logarithmic gray scale white to black ( 1 1000 arb . units). Other experimental conditions as in Fig. 2. The dotted squares indicate coherently coupled exciton states, and the arrow indicates an exciton–biexciton pair.

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