We present a two-dimensional (2D) spatial lock-in amplifier that provides a contrast ratio of more than 10,000:1 for transmitted and blocked intensity patterns using a conventional liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. The device is based on spatial-domain modulation–demodulation of intensity patterns under coherent imaging conditions. The operation of the 2D lock-in amplifier is illustrated by implementing Young’s double-slit arrangement for measurements of the mutual coherence between individual emitters of a 2D phase-coupled array of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers.
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