Abstract

We present a method of producing single attosecond pulses by high-harmonic generation with multicycle driver laser pulses. This can be achieved by tailoring the driving pulse so that attosecond pulses are produced only every full cycle of the oscillating laser field rather than every half-cycle. It is shown by classical and quantum-mechanical model calculations that even a minor addition (1%) of phase-locked second-harmonic light to the 800nm fundamental driver pulse for high-harmonic generation leads to a major (15%) difference in the maximum kinetic energies of the recombining electrons in adjacent half-cycles.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. D. Perry and J. K. Crane, Phys. Rev. A 48, R4051 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Siedschlag, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Laser Phys. 15, 916 (2005).
  10. S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gürtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Opt. Lett. 29, 2303 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Dynamics of Short-Pulse Excitation and Ionization and Harmonic Generation (Plenum, 1993), pp. 95.
  13. K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Siedschlag, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Laser Phys. 15, 916 (2005).

2004 (3)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gürtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Opt. Lett. 29, 2303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

M. D. Perry and J. K. Crane, Phys. Rev. A 48, R4051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augé, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnett, K.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carré, B.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernobrovtseva, M. D.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, D. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crane, J. K.

M. D. Perry and J. K. Crane, Phys. Rev. A 48, R4051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Bohan, A.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinu, L. C.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emelin, M. Y.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frasinski, L. J.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gürtler, A.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. M.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. T.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovacev, M.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krause, J. L.

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Dynamics of Short-Pulse Excitation and Ionization and Harmonic Generation (Plenum, 1993), pp. 95.

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 419, 803 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Dynamics of Short-Pulse Excitation and Ionization and Harmonic Generation (Plenum, 1993), pp. 95.

Lee, G. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merdji, H.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monchicourt, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

C. Siedschlag, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Laser Phys. 15, 916 (2005).

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gürtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Opt. Lett. 29, 2303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, C. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ni, Y.

Noordam, L. D.

Park, J. Y.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry and J. K. Crane, Phys. Rev. A 48, R4051 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reed, V. C.

K. Burnett, V. C. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

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E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
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T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, G. Gerber, M. Y. Emelin, M. Y. Ryabikin, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, and A. M. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. A 70, 013805 (2004).
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C. Siedschlag, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Laser Phys. 15, 916 (2005).

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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
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Taïeb, R.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
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P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
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A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
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A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
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A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
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Laser Phys. (1)

C. Siedschlag, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Laser Phys. 15, 916 (2005).

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A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakoviev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, Science 302, 1540 (2003).
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Other (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Illustration of the idea of full-cycle single attosecond pulse generation (solid curves, laser fields; shaded regions, generated attosecond pulses; dashed curves, time of birth and recombination of electrons). If the SH frequency is added to the driving laser field, the symmetry between first and second half-cycles is broken in particular for the fastest returning electrons, leading to emission of attosecond pulses in the cutoff photon energy region only once every full cycle of the laser field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Classical analysis of the kinetic energy E kin of the returning electron in the three-step model when a weak second harmonic (SH) field is added to the fundamental (1% intensity). (a) Symmetry breaking between the first and second half-cycles of the driving fundamental laser field leads to an asymmetry of the kinetic energies in the first and second half-cycles, shown here for a SH phase of φ = 1.6 π rad (dashed line, classical cutoff energy at 3.17 U p ). (b) Depending on the relative phase φ of the SH with respect to the fundamental, the first or the second half-cycle can yield a higher kinetic energy. (c) Ratio of kinetic energies in the first versus the second half-cycle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Quantum-mechanical simulation of attosecond pulse generation for different pulse durations of an 800 nm 2.5 × 10 14 W cm 2 laser pulse in a model Ar atom selecting cutoff harmonics by filtering (see text). (a) 6 fs cosine driving pulse, (b) 12 fs cosine driving pulse, (c) 12 fs cosine driving pulse with 1% intensity of its SH added at a relative phase of 1.5 π rad .

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