Abstract

We have analyzed the efficiency of coherent scattering of infrared radiation in molecular gases for the production of intense, short terahertz (THz) pulses by using stimulated Raman adiabatic passage for the preparation of coherence. We show that coherently driven molecular media potentially yield strong, controllable, short pulses of THz radiation. The pulses have energies ranging from several nanojoules to microjoules and time durations from several femtoseconds to nanoseconds at room temperature.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Shpaisman, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 71, 043812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 319 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Ye, V. Sautenkov, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, Opt. Lett. 28, 2213 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhao, R. N. Schouten, N. van der Valk, W. Th. Wenckebach, and P. C. M. Planken, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1715 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

A. V. Muravjov, R. C. Strijbos, C. J. Fredricksen,H. Weidner, W. Trimble, S. G. Pavlov, V. N. Shastin, and R. E. Peale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

V. I. Gavrilenko, N. G. Kalugin, Z. F. Krasilnik, V. V. Nikonorov, A. V. Galyagin, and P. N. Tsereteli, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B649 (1992).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zang and D. H. Auston, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 326 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

E. Gornik and A. A. Andronov, eds., Opt. Quantum Electron. 23 (1991) and references therein.

1990

G. P. Agrawal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2487 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

H. Houtman and J. Mayer, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 843 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1970

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 249 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 357 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2487 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Allen, S. J.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Auen, K.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auston, D. H.

X.-C. Zang and D. H. Auston, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 326 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Beere, H. E.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beltram, F.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

Bridges, T. J.

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 357 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 249 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Burke, P. J.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burkhardt, E. G.

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 249 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 357 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Canuel, C.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carr, G. L.

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 319 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. Y.

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 357 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chang, T. J. Bridges, and E. G. Burkhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 249 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chin, W.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Compagnon, I.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davies, A. G.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dimicoli, I.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dognon, J. P.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, J. P.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fredricksen, C. J.

A. V. Muravjov, R. C. Strijbos, C. J. Fredricksen,H. Weidner, W. Trimble, S. G. Pavlov, V. N. Shastin, and R. E. Peale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Friedmann, H.

H. Shpaisman, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 71, 043812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Galyagin, A. V.

V. I. Gavrilenko, N. G. Kalugin, Z. F. Krasilnik, V. V. Nikonorov, A. V. Galyagin, and P. N. Tsereteli, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B649 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilenko, V. I.

V. I. Gavrilenko, N. G. Kalugin, Z. F. Krasilnik, V. V. Nikonorov, A. V. Galyagin, and P. N. Tsereteli, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B649 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gubeli, J. F.

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harff, N. E.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Houtman, H.

H. Houtman and J. Mayer, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 843 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hubers, H. W.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iotti, R. C.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, K.

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 319 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kalugin, N. G.

V. I. Gavrilenko, N. G. Kalugin, Z. F. Krasilnik, V. V. Nikonorov, A. V. Galyagin, and P. N. Tsereteli, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B649 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kirsanov, A. V.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koehler, R.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krasilnik, Z. F.

V. I. Gavrilenko, N. G. Kalugin, Z. F. Krasilnik, V. V. Nikonorov, A. V. Galyagin, and P. N. Tsereteli, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B649 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lilly, M. P.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Linfield, E. H.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. C.

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 319 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, J.

H. Houtman and J. Mayer, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 843 (1987).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, W. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 319 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meijer, G.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mons, M.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, E.

E. Mueller, in Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, J.G.Webster, ed. (Wiley, 1999), Vol. 20, p. 597.

Muravjov, A. V.

A. V. Muravjov, R. C. Strijbos, C. J. Fredricksen,H. Weidner, W. Trimble, S. G. Pavlov, V. N. Shastin, and R. E. Peale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Neil, G. R.

G. R. Neil, G. L. Carr, J. F. Gubeli, K. Jordan, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, M. Shinn, M. Tani, G. P. Williams, and X. C. Zhang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 507, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 319 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nikonorov, V. V.

V. I. Gavrilenko, N. G. Kalugin, Z. F. Krasilnik, V. V. Nikonorov, A. V. Galyagin, and P. N. Tsereteli, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 7, B649 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Orlova, E. E.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pavlov, S. G.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Muravjov, R. C. Strijbos, C. J. Fredricksen,H. Weidner, W. Trimble, S. G. Pavlov, V. N. Shastin, and R. E. Peale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R. E.

A. V. Muravjov, R. C. Strijbos, C. J. Fredricksen,H. Weidner, W. Trimble, S. G. Pavlov, V. N. Shastin, and R. E. Peale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peralta, X. G.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Piuzzi, F.

W. Chin, J. P. Dognon, C. Canuel, F. Piuzzi, I. Dimicoli, M. Mons, I. Compagnon, G. von Helden, and G. Meijer, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054317 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reno, J. L.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. E. Harff, M. C. Wanke, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1627 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Riemann, H.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritchie, D. A.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, F.

R. Koehler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y.

Sariyanni, Z. E.

Z. E. Sariyanni and M. O. Scully (Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, personal communication, 2003).

Z. E. Sariyanni and M. O. Scully (Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, personal communication, 2005).

Sautenkov, V.

Schouten, R. N.

G. Zhao, R. N. Schouten, N. van der Valk, W. Th. Wenckebach, and P. C. M. Planken, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1715 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

C. Y. Ye, V. Sautenkov, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, Opt. Lett. 28, 2213 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. E. Sariyanni and M. O. Scully (Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, personal communication, 2005).

Z. E. Sariyanni and M. O. Scully (Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, personal communication, 2003).

Shastin, V. N.

S. G. Pavlov, R. K. Zhukavin, E. E. Orlova, V. N. Shastin, A. V. Kirsanov, H. W. Hubers, K. Auen, and H. Riemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5220 (2000).
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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Level scheme: a, electronic excited state; b, ground state level with v = 0 and j = 2 ; c, level with v = 1 and j = 2 ; d, level with v = 1 and j = 3 . Δ 1 and Δ 2 , detunings of optical and IR fields; Ω 1 and Ω 2 , optical fields in two-photon resonance; Ω 3 IR field; Ω 4 generated THz radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(A) Optical pulses in STIRAP configuration. (B) b, Population in level b; c, population in level c. Two optical pulses create a pulse of molecular coherence ρ c b via STIRAP. T is the pulse duration; the current simulation is performed for the case of short laser pulses, γ T 1 , when the relaxation can be neglected. Laser fields should meet the condition T Ω 1 2 + Ω 2 2 > 10 to obtain STIRAP.[17]

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Efficiency I 4 ( L ) I 3 ( 0 ) versus D = 3 λ 2 N L ( 8 π ) for different magnitudes of probe Rabi frequencies Ω 3 : (1) Ω 3 = 0.1 γ , (2) Ω 3 = 0.2 γ , (3) Ω 3 = 0.3 γ , where γ is the relaxation rate of vibrational coherence.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V I = [ Ω 2 exp ( i ω a c t ) a c + Ω 1 exp ( i ω a b t ) a b + h.c. ] [ Ω 3 exp ( i ω d c t ) d c + Ω 4 exp ( i ω d b t ) d b + h.c. ] ,
ρ τ = i [ H , ρ ] 1 2 ( Γ ρ + ρ Γ ) ,
Ω α z = κ α Ω α i ξ η α ρ α ,
ϵ = I 4 I 3 = ξ 2 sinc 2 ( δ k L ) ( 4 π 2 v j N ρ b c τ L λ ) 2 ,

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