Abstract

Rovibration absorption lines both of C12O and C13O are observed simultaneously with the output of a 2μm broadband difference frequency generated in a direct-bonded quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide, which is a 50 mm device with a single quasi-phase-matching period that is operated at a constant temperature. The wavelength conversion efficiency and the difference-frequency generation bandwidth reach 100%W and 100 nm, respectively. The idler output bandwidth in the 2μm region is obtained by group-velocity matching or phase-mismatch minimization when a 0.94μm pump laser diode and a 1.55μm tunable signal source are used.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (2)

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. Stry, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, Appl. Phys. B 75, 297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Fischer and M. W. Sigrist, Appl. Phys. B 75, 305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

2000 (2)

1998 (1)

K. P. Petrov, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 66, 531 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Arie, A.

Asobe, M.

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bensch, F.

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

Curl, R. F.

K. P. Petrov, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 66, 531 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, C.

C. Fischer and M. W. Sigrist, Appl. Phys. B 75, 305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fradkin-Kashi, K.

Hering, P.

S. Stry, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, Appl. Phys. B 75, 297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

Kanbara, H.

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klapper, G.

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

Miyazawa, H.

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murtz, M.

S. Stry, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, Appl. Phys. B 75, 297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pak, I.

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

Petrov, K. P.

K. P. Petrov, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 66, 531 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

Sigrist, M. W.

C. Fischer and M. W. Sigrist, Appl. Phys. B 75, 305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stry, S.

S. Stry, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, Appl. Phys. B 75, 297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

K. P. Petrov, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 66, 531 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, S.

N. Yoshida and S. Toyoda, Nature 405, 330 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urenski, P.

Winnewisser, G.

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

Wouterloot, J. G.

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

Yanagawa, T.

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, N.

N. Yoshida and S. Toyoda, Nature 405, 330 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yumoto, J.

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

S. Stry, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, Appl. Phys. B 75, 297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Petrov, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 66, 531 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Fischer and M. W. Sigrist, Appl. Phys. B 75, 305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yanagawa, H. Kanbara, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, H. Suzuki, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Astron. J. (1)

F. Bensch, I. Pak, J. G. A. Wouterloot, G. Klapper, and G. Winnewisser, Astron. J. 562, L185 (2001).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, IEICE Trans. Electron. 88, 335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

N. Yoshida and S. Toyoda, Nature 405, 330 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pump and signal wavelength combination curves that satisfy Δ k = 0 for a QPM bulk LN device with various QPM periods Λ. Lines rising toward the right show several idler wavelengths. When the pump wavelength is set at 0.9 0.1 μ m , broadband DFG is achieved with a 1.5 μ m signal. Although there is a structural dispersion in the WG device, a bandwidth greater than 100 nm is easily obtained in 50 mm WG devices.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for CO absorption measurement with DFG output near 2.3 μ m . This setup is also used for device evaluation: Ref, reference; PbSe, PbSe detector; DM, dichromatic mirror; BS, beam splitter; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured DFG idler output spectrum and spectrum of a 50 mm QPM-LN WG shown for comparison of bandwidths. The QPM period and device temperatures were set at their optimum values; however, the output power was normalized. The 2.3 μ m spectrum bandwidth is 13 times wider than that of the 3.2 μ m spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured CO isotopomer absorption spectrum. (a) Bundled absorption spectra for C 12 O and C 13 O . (b) Individual absorption spectra for C 12 O and C 13 O . C 12 O is observed on the higher-energy side and C 13 O on the lower-energy side. The assignments of the P and R branch absorption lines for C 12 O are also shown.

Equations (2)

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P i = 8 π 2 d e f f 2 L 2 c ε 0 n i n p n s λ i 2 P p P s A e f f sinc 2 ( Δ k L 2 ) ,
Δ k = 2 π ( n p λ p n s λ s n i λ i 1 Λ ) ,

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