Abstract

Surface-emitted terahertz- (THz-) wave generation by difference-frequency mixing with ridge-shaped periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) was demonstrated. The PPLN had a ridge height of 300μm, a thickness of 20μm, and an interaction length of 35mm. The ridge behaves as a slab waveguide for optical pump beams. The PPLN gives rise to THz waves in opposite directions, perpendicular to the pump-beam direction. Reflecting the THz wave on one side and overlapping it with the THz wave on the other side increased the total THz-wave intensity 2.7 times compared with that without reflection and mixing.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (2)

2004 (2)

Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 12, 3066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Taniuchi, S. Okada, and H. Nakanishi, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5984 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Y. Sasaki, Y. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1983 (1)

K. Suto and J. Nishizawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1251 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

J. Nishizawa, Denki Kagaku 13, 17 (1963).

Avetisyan, Y.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Avetisyan, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 30, 2927 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, Y. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 380.

Berman, P. R.

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Fernelius, N.

Inoue, K.

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

Kawase, K.

Kimura, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kocharyan, K.

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 380.

Mizuno, M.

Morris, J. R.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, H.

T. Taniuchi, S. Okada, and H. Nakanishi, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5984 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, J.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Suto and J. Nishizawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1251 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Nishizawa, Denki Kagaku 13, 17 (1963).

Okada, S.

T. Taniuchi, S. Okada, and H. Nakanishi, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5984 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richards, P. L.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Saito, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Avetisyan, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 30, 2927 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Electron. Lett. 41, 712 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 12, 3066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, Y. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Sohma, S.

Suto, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Suto and J. Nishizawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1251 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

Tashiro, H.

Urata, Y.

Vodopyanov, K.

Wada, S.

Yajima, T.

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. H.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Zernike, F.

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sasaki, Y. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Denki Kagaku (1)

J. Nishizawa, Denki Kagaku 13, 17 (1963).

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Electron. Lett. 41, 712 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Suto and J. Nishizawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1251 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Taniuchi, S. Okada, and H. Nakanishi, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5984 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 380.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of three types of PPLN used for surface-emitted THz-wave generation and the directions of THz-wave travel: left, slanted; middle, checkerboard; right, ridged PPLN.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup for generating surface-emitted THz waves by use of ridged PPLN and a microscopic photograph of the ridged PPLN.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of THz-wave output on the distance between the ridged PPLN (LN) surface and the aluminum mirror.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Input–output property of the THz-wave intensity measured on the right-hand side of PPLN without (squares) and with (diamonds) a mirror to the left.

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