Abstract

We demonstrate a self-referenced, octave-spanning, mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with a scalable repetition rate (550MHz1.35GHz). We use the frequency comb output of the laser, without additional broadening in optical fiber, for simultaneous measurements against atomic optical standards at 534, 578, 563, and 657nm and to stabilize the laser offset frequency.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S.G.Karshenboim and E.Peik, eds., Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants, Vol. 648 of Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, 2004), p. 120.
  2. R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Lett. 26, 373 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Bartels and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 27, 1839 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 29, 1683 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. W. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 5163 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Bartels, in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb Technology, J.Ye and S.T.Cundiff, eds. (Springer, 2005).
  9. L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. W. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 5163 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angelow, G.

Barber, Z.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 27, 1839 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bartels, in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb Technology, J.Ye and S.T.Cundiff, eds. (Springer, 2005).

Bergquist, J. C.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J. R.

Boiko, A.

Cundiff, S. T.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ell, R.

Fortier, T. M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, C.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, D. J.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J.

Kim, J. W.

Kleppner, D.

Kurz, H.

Kuzucu, O.

Lederer, M. J.

Luther-Davies, B.

Matos, L.

Morgner, U.

Mücke, O. D.

Oates, C. W.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oskay, W. H.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T. R.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tschudi, T.

Wilpers, G.

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winter, A.

J. Phys. B (1)

L. Hollberg, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, C. Hoyt, Z. Barber, S. A. Diddams, W. H. Oskay, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Phys. B 38, 469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Bartels, in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb Technology, J.Ye and S.T.Cundiff, eds. (Springer, 2005).

S.G.Karshenboim and E.Peik, eds., Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants, Vol. 648 of Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, 2004), p. 120.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for a compact FLFC. The laser produces pulses that circulate in the cavity in the direction shown. The electronic heterodyne beat signals between the FLFC and the various cw local oscillators are marked as f b ̱ i . HR1, HR2, and HR3 are high reflectors at 580–1100, 1064, and 657 nm , respectively. Narrowband optical filters are used to ensure spectral purity and overlap in each interferometer. In the comparison against 578 and 563 nm light, the combined light after the PBS is coupled into a single mode optical fiber to aid in mode matching. PBS, polarizing beam splitter; AOM, acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Left, laser output spectrum as a function of repetition rate, f rep . The dark gray shading shows the spectrum at f rep = 1 GHz . The dotted curve shows the laser spectrum for f rep = 1.35 GHz . Right, mode profile for light in the green portion of the spectrum as taken at the output of M1 (Fig. 1). The spatial profile appears elliptical because the incident beam is at an angle to the camera.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Depiction of how we verify the stability transfer between the optical standard and the octave-spanning comb. (b) A 3 Hz wide beat signal between the FLFC and a cavity-stabilized diode laser at 657 nm . The signal is shown on a logarithmic (left) and linear scale (right).

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