Abstract

A simultaneous two-dimensional determination of the concentration field and the velocity field in a turbulent mixing process is demonstrated for the first time to the best of our knowledge by using planar Raman scattering (Ramanography) and particle image velocimetry. An example of application of these techniques is tested by considering the mixing characteristic of a two-component nozzle for the injection of liquid ethanol into pure water.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Raffel, C. Willert, and J. Kompenhans, Particle Image Velocimetry (Springer, 1998).
  2. M. Decker, A. Schik, U. E. Meier, and W. Stricker, Appl. Opt. 37, 5620 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Gordon & Breach, 1996).
  5. J. H. Frank, K. M. Lyons, and M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 107, 1 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. W. Dibble, W. Kollmann, and R. W. Schefer, Combust. Flame 55, 307 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Rabenstein and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 36, 6989 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. E. Walrafen, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 114 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

2005

X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1996

J. H. Frank, K. M. Lyons, and M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 107, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987

R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

R. W. Dibble, W. Kollmann, and R. W. Schefer, Combust. Flame 55, 307 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1967

G. E. Walrafen, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 114 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Decker, M.

Dibble, R. W.

R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Dibble, W. Kollmann, and R. W. Schefer, Combust. Flame 55, 307 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X. R.

X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, J. C.

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Gordon & Breach, 1996).

Frank, J. H.

J. H. Frank, K. M. Lyons, and M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 107, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, V.

R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
[CrossRef]

King, G. F.

Kollmann, W.

R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Dibble, W. Kollmann, and R. W. Schefer, Combust. Flame 55, 307 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kompenhans, J.

M. Raffel, C. Willert, and J. Kompenhans, Particle Image Velocimetry (Springer, 1998).

Lehmann, B.

X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leipertz, A.

Long, M. B.

J. H. Frank, K. M. Lyons, and M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 107, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

Lyons, K. M.

J. H. Frank, K. M. Lyons, and M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 107, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meier, U. E.

Meier, W.

X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rabenstein, F.

Raffel, M.

M. Raffel, C. Willert, and J. Kompenhans, Particle Image Velocimetry (Springer, 1998).

Schefer, R. W.

R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Dibble, W. Kollmann, and R. W. Schefer, Combust. Flame 55, 307 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Schik, A.

Stricker, W.

Walrafen, G. E.

G. E. Walrafen, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 114 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Weigand, P.

X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willert, C.

M. Raffel, C. Willert, and J. Kompenhans, Particle Image Velocimetry (Springer, 1998).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

X. R. Duan, W. Meier, P. Weigand, and B. Lehmann, Appl. Phys. B 80, 389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame

R. W. Dibble, W. Kollmann, and R. W. Schefer, Combust. Flame 55, 307 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame

J. H. Frank, K. M. Lyons, and M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 107, 1 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Fluids

R. W. Dibble, V. Hartmann, R. W. Schefer, and W. Kollmann, Exp. Fluids 5, 103 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

G. E. Walrafen, J. Chem. Phys. 47, 114 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Gordon & Breach, 1996).

M. Raffel, C. Willert, and J. Kompenhans, Particle Image Velocimetry (Springer, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup ( C PIV , double-shutter CCD camera for PIV measurements; C R 1 , ICCD camera for Raman imaging of component 1; C R 2 , ICCD camera for Raman imaging of component 2; L, lens; BP, bandpass filter; HP, high-pass filter; BS, beam splitter).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of pure water and pure ethanol with their respective filter characteristics.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Velocity and ethanol concentration field: p = 2.4   bars , t = 20 ms , T = 25 ° C .

Equations (3)

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I ( c w ) = I ( w ) f ( e ) I ( e ) I f ( e ) f ( w ) .
I ( c e ) = I ( e ) f ( w ) I ( c w ) .
x ( e ) x ( w ) = C I ( c e ) I ( c w ) .

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