Abstract

For optical parametric amplifiers in proton-exchange waveguide devices reported to date, both the signal and the idler photons are in the TM00 mode, causing difficulty in distinguishing signal from idler. We report a two-mode optical parametric amplifier. The key components, asymmetric Y junctions, successfully launch the pump wave in a pure TM10 mode and separate the signal and the idler in the TM10 and TM00 modes with a power ratio of as much as 27.5 dB. With high parametric gain, optical parametric generation with a threshold of 300pJpulse was demonstrated for 1.8 ps long pump pulses near 780 nm. These periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides are efficient integrable photon sources.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  2. S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Negami, H. Haga, and S. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1080 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. R. Kurz, J. Huang, X. P. Xie, T. Saida, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 551 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. R. Kurz, X. P. Xie, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 27, 1445 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
    [CrossRef]

2005

X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kurz, J. Huang, X. P. Xie, T. Saida, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 551 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2001

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995

1989

T. Negami, H. Haga, and S. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1080 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kurz, J. Huang, X. P. Xie, T. Saida, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 551 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Kurz, X. P. Xie, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 27, 1445 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haga, H.

T. Negami, H. Haga, and S. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1080 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kurz, J. Huang, X. P. Xie, T. Saida, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 551 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, J. R.

Langrock, C.

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Micheli, M. D.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Negami, T.

T. Negami, H. Haga, and S. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1080 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
[CrossRef]

Riedmatten, H. D.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R.

R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saida, T.

X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kurz, J. Huang, X. P. Xie, T. Saida, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 551 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schober, A. M.

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J.

R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. P.

X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kurz, J. Huang, X. P. Xie, T. Saida, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 551 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Kurz, X. P. Xie, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 27, 1445 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

T. Negami, H. Haga, and S. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1080 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Negami, H. Haga, and S. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1080 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

X. P. Xie, A. M. Schober, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

X. P. Xie, T. Saida, J. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, in Proc. SPIE 5728, 360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. Roussev, X. P. Xie, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and J. Tian, in 2003 IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 338-339.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical device for OPG with two spatial modes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Threshold measurement for OPG with the pump in the TM 10 mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power spectra of the OPG signal for the processes shown in the insets. The solid (dotted) curves show the signal emerging from the wide (narrow) arm of a mode demultiplexer. The idler near 1843 nm was not recorded.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power spectra of the OPG signal from the two near-degenerate processes with the pump in the TM 10 mode. The solid curve centered at 1332 nm shows the signal in the TM 00 mode (with the idler centered at 1908 nm in the TM 10 mode); the dotted curve centered at 1346 nm shows the signal in the TM 10 mode (with the idler centered at 1880 nm in the TM 00 mode).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of the OPG products near degeneracy with the pump in the TM 10 mode. The solid (dotted) curve shows the output from the wide (narrow) arm of a mode demultiplexer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Wavelength-tuning curves for OPG in a 9.5 μ m wide waveguide. The curves show simulations. The dashed curve corresponds to OPG involving only TM 00 modes. The solid (dotted) curve corresponds to the OPG products in the TM 00 ( TM 10 ) mode with the pump wave in the TM 10 mode. The symbols illustrate measurements and correspond to the three processes shown in the inset.

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