Abstract

A single-photon signal at 1.55μm was converted to the visible region by sum-frequency mixing with a strong pumping beam at 1064nm in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal placed in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser cavity. As the intracavity pump laser could be automatically stabilized without cavity lock, robust long-term stability was demonstrated for single-photon frequency upconversion, with a conversion efficiency of 74.3%. Such a stable single-photon upconversion was demonstrated to be efficient and robust for single-photon counting at 1550nm, and the corresponding background noise was measured at less than 420×103s1.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (QELS), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper QThPDB11.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2005

2004

2002

J. H. Shapiro, New J. Phys. 4, 47.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

D. A. Bryan, R. Gerson, and H. E. Tomaschke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 847 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Albota, M. A.

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (QELS), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper QThPDB11.

Bienfang, J. C.

Bryan, D. A.

D. A. Bryan, R. Gerson, and H. E. Tomaschke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 847 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Clark, C. W.

Diamanti, E.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 1725 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuY6.

Fejer, M. M.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 1725 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1518 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuY6.

Gerson, R.

D. A. Bryan, R. Gerson, and H. E. Tomaschke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 847 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gross, A. J.

Hagley, E. W.

Hershman, B. J.

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, J. R.

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langrock, C.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 1725 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1518 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuY6.

Liu, Ren-Bao

Wang Yao, Ren-Bao Liu, and L. J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 030504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, R.

Lundeen, J. S.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mink, A.

Nakassis, A.

Resch, K. J.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roussev, R. V.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 1725 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1518 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

Sham, L. J.

Wang Yao, Ren-Bao Liu, and L. J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 030504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, J. H.

J. H. Shapiro, New J. Phys. 4, 47.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steinberg, A. M.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, D. H.

Takesue, H.

E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuY6.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

Tang, X.

Tomaschke, H. E.

D. A. Bryan, R. Gerson, and H. E. Tomaschke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 847 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J.

Williams, C. J.

Wong, F. N. C.

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (QELS), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper QThPDB11.

Yamamoto, Y.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 1725 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuY6.

Yao, Wang

Wang Yao, Ren-Bao Liu, and L. J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 030504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. A. Bryan, R. Gerson, and H. E. Tomaschke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 847 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nature

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

J. H. Shapiro, New J. Phys. 4, 47.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. J. Resch, J. S. Lundeen, and A. M. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 037904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang Yao, Ren-Bao Liu, and L. J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 030504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (QELS), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper QThPDB11.

E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CTuY6.

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper QThJ1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of our experimental setup for intracavity single-photon upconversion. BP, Brewster plate; PC, fiber polarization controller; FG, filter group.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity stability of the 631 nm output signal and the 1064 nm pump with insertion of the bulk PPLN. In the case of an output laser power at 1064 nm of 1.61 W , the PPLN is temperature controlled at 179.2 ° C . The standard deviations (SD) of (a) the pump and (b) the signal are about 2% and 2.2%, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power at 631 nm , shown as a function of the intracavity pump power when the power of the input probe at 1550 nm was 0.55 mW . Inset, the converted signal intensity curve depends on the working temperature of the PPLN crystal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of single-photon upconversion efficiency (diamonds) and background noise (open squares) on the intracavity pump power.

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