Abstract

Optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR) is one of the most powerful tools in the characterization of optical fiber links. We demonstrate a photon-counting OTDR system at 1.5μm with a single-photon detector, which combines frequency upconversion in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and a silicon avalanche photodiode. The system exhibits high sensitivity, good spatial resolution, and short measurement time.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005 (1)

2004 (4)

2003 (1)

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmüller, and N. Gisin, Opt. Commun. 213, 57 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. Lacaita, P. A. Francesco, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, Opt. Commun. 18, 1110 (1993).

1992 (2)

G. Ripamonti, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1398 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albota, M. A.

Cova, S.

A. Lacaita, P. A. Francesco, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, Opt. Commun. 18, 1110 (1993).

G. Ripamonti, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1398 (1992).
[CrossRef]

De Martini, F.

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Derickson, D.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Tests and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 1998).

Diamanti, E.

Fejer, M. M.

Francesco, P. A.

A. Lacaita, P. A. Francesco, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, Opt. Commun. 18, 1110 (1993).

Gautier, J.-D.

F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmüller, and N. Gisin, Opt. Commun. 213, 57 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giorgi, G.

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

M. Wegmüller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 390 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmüller, and N. Gisin, Opt. Commun. 213, 57 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, J. R.

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Lacaita, A.

A. Lacaita, P. A. Francesco, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, Opt. Commun. 18, 1110 (1993).

Langrock, C.

Mataloni, P.

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ripamonti, G.

A. Lacaita, P. A. Francesco, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, Opt. Commun. 18, 1110 (1993).

G. Ripamonti, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1398 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Scholder, F.

M. Wegmüller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 390 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmüller, and N. Gisin, Opt. Commun. 213, 57 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takesue, H.

Vandevender, A. P.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Wegmüller, M.

M. Wegmüller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 390 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmüller, and N. Gisin, Opt. Commun. 213, 57 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N.

Yamamoto, Y.

Zappa, F.

G. Ripamonti, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1398 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. Wegmüller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 390 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Ripamonti, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1398 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmüller, and N. Gisin, Opt. Commun. 213, 57 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Lacaita, P. A. Francesco, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, Opt. Commun. 18, 1110 (1993).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Huang and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2153 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Giorgi, P. Mataloni, and F. De Martini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Tests and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the 1.5 μ m v-OTDR measurement: IM, intensity modulator; PCs, polarization controllers; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; VATT, variable attenuator; SMF, single-mode fiber; DSFs, dispersion-shifted fibers; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

NEP of the upconversion single-photon detector as a function of the pump power. The solid curve was derived from the fitting curves of the quantum-efficiency and dark-count experimental data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

v-OTDR measurement result for the links of 11 km, 13 km, and 12 m fibers. R is the backscattered signal power normalized by its value at the splice point.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-interval analyzer data for the 12 m fiber, indicating the 1 m spatial resolution of the v-OTDR system.

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