Abstract

The spectral polarization of an ultrashort pulse is fully controlled by a novel pulse shaper design, including three liquid-crystal spatial light modulator arrays at three different orientations. The added degree of controllability permits generation of previously unattainable pulse shapes, with possible applications in multidimensional spectroscopy, coherent control, and ultrafast polarization gating.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. We verified experimentally that the contribution to the second-harmonic generation from vertically polarized light was suppressed by a factor of more than 3.5 orders of magnitude relative to that from horizontally polarized light.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2005

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Underwood, B. J. Sussman, and A. Stolow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Silberberg, Nature 430, 624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 878 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 74, S133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Karczmarek, J. Wright, P. Corkum, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3420 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

R. Judson and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bisgaard, C. Z.

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 878 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 74, S133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, Opt. Lett. 26, 557 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Constant, E.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

J. Karczmarek, J. Wright, P. Corkum, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3420 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damrauer, N. H.

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 878 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 74, S133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, Opt. Lett. 26, 557 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghimire, S.

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Graefe, O.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horn, C.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

J. Karczmarek, J. Wright, P. Corkum, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3420 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnsson, P.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Judson, R.

R. Judson and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karczmarek, J.

J. Karczmarek, J. Wright, P. Corkum, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3420 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Keusters, D.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krampert, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 878 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 74, S133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson, Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, 1982) p. 136.

L'Huilier, A.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liese, D.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopez-Martens, R.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mauritsson, J.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mevel, E.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Minemoto, S.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 878 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 74, S133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peronne, E.

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poulsen, M. D.

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rabitz, H.

R. Judson and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakai, H.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Selle, R.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, B.

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Silberberg, Nature 430, 624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stapelfeldt, H.

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolow, A.

J. G. Underwood, B. J. Sussman, and A. Stolow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sussman, B. J.

J. G. Underwood, B. J. Sussman, and A. Stolow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzaki, Y.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tcherbakoff, O.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tian, P.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Underwood, J. G.

J. G. Underwood, B. J. Sussman, and A. Stolow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viftrup, S. S.

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, W. S.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wollenhaupt, M.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wright, J.

J. Karczmarek, J. Wright, P. Corkum, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3420 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zair, A.

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuo, T.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 74, S133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mevel, E. Constant, R. Lopez-Martens, J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, and A. L'Huilier, Appl. Phys. B 78, 869 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Silberberg, Nature 430, 624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Judson and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Underwood, B. J. Sussman, and A. Stolow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Karczmarek, J. Wright, P. Corkum, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3420 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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We verified experimentally that the contribution to the second-harmonic generation from vertically polarized light was suppressed by a factor of more than 3.5 orders of magnitude relative to that from horizontally polarized light.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Poincaré representation of the effect of the three LCD arrays on the spectral polarization. The first two arrays provide phase control and a polarization rotation along the circle connecting the poles and the input polarization state. The third array provides a rotation about the axis connecting the horizontal and the vertical linear polarizations (dashed line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the full spectral polarization shaper. It consists of an 8 f lens system with a dual cell SLM, whose preferential axes are oriented at ± 45 ° to the input polarization at the first Fourier plane and a single SLM oriented parallel to the input polarization at the second Fourier plane. Pulses are passed through a wave plate and characterized by cross correlation with an unshaped pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental (solid curve) and calculated (dashed curve) results for the evolution of the polarization state of the shaped pulse on the Poincaré sphere. Note that the measured polarization state is obtained up to the sign of S 2 , so that S 2 is plotted. Some third-order dispersion that was present in the experiment is neglected in the calculation. Time tick marks are indicated as gray lines on the experimental graph every 0.5 ps .

Equations (1)

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E out ( ω ) = 1 2 [ R x ( ω ) 2 e i ϕ 3 ( e i ϕ 1 + e i ϕ 2 ) R x ( ω ) R y ( ω ) e i ϕ 3 ( e i ϕ 1 e i ϕ 2 ) R x ( ω ) R y ( ω ) ( e i ϕ 1 e i ϕ 2 ) R y ( ω ) 2 ( e i ϕ 1 + e i ϕ 2 ) ] E in ( ω ) ,

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