Abstract

An improved optoelectronic harmonic mixer (OEHM) has been employed for measuring the timing noise of 320GHz optical pulses that are generated from a 160GHz mode-locked laser diode by the temporal Talbot effect. The OEHM makes use of a low-drive voltage LiNbO3 modulator and a W-band unitraveling carrier photodiode for converting the 320GHz pulse intensity into a low-frequency electrical signal. The time domain demodulation technique has been used for the precise evaluation of phase noise power spectral density. The rms timing jitter has been estimated to be 311fs for the 10Hz18.6MHz bandwidth.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2004 (3)

K. E. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and M. Kalyvas, Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 1005 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, IEICE Trans. Electron. 87, 1181 (2004).

2002 (3)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, Opt. Lett. 27, 2040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Azaña and M. A. Miguel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 22, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, D. Kunimatsu, and Y. Ogawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. 83, 966 (2000).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, D. Kunimatsu, and Y. Ogawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. 83, 966 (2000).

Azaña, J.

J. Azaña and M. A. Miguel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 22, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DePriest, C. M.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 22, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Houbavlis, T.

K. E. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and M. Kalyvas, Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 1005 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kalyvas, M.

K. E. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and M. Kalyvas, Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 1005 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, Y.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, D. Kunimatsu, and Y. Ogawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. 83, 966 (2000).

Kunimatsu, D.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, D. Kunimatsu, and Y. Ogawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. 83, 966 (2000).

Miguel, M. A.

J. Azaña and M. A. Miguel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muramoto, Y.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nogiwa, S.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, D. Kunimatsu, and Y. Ogawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. 83, 966 (2000).

Ohta, H.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

H. Tsuchida, IEICE Trans. Electron. 87, 1181 (2004).

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, Opt. Lett. 27, 2040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, Opt. Lett. 24, 1434 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, Opt. Lett. 23, 286 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzuki, K.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, N.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 22, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zoiros, K. E.

K. E. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and M. Kalyvas, Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 1005 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, Electron. Lett. 38, 1376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 22, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Azaña and M. A. Miguel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (2)

H. Tsuchida, IEICE Trans. Electron. 87, 1181 (2004).

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, D. Kunimatsu, and Y. Ogawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. 83, 966 (2000).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. E. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and M. Kalyvas, Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 1005 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of (a) conventional and (b) improved OEHM, where f rep , f LO , and f IF represent the frequencies of optical pulses, the local oscillator, and the downconverted signal, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated beat signal amplitudes as a function of the modulation index, where curves A and B correspond to the conventional and the improved OEHM, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical sampling waveforms for the output pulses from the CPM-LD (lower trace) and the DDF (upper trace), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

rf spectra for the DBM output signal (curve A) and the noise floor of the measurement equipment (curve B). Resolution bandwidth and averaging number are 1 MHz and 64, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

PN-PSD S ϕ ( f ) (A–C) and rms timing jitters σ J (curves D–F). A, D, AML-FL at 10.037 220 GHz ; B, E, direct output of the CPM-LD at 160.595 520 GHz ; D, F, multiplied pulses at 321.191 040 GHz .

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