Abstract

Holographically recorded photorefractive gratings in periodically poled lithium niobate crystals (PPLNs) are investigated. The principal spatial frequency K of the grating is strongly suppressed. Sideband gratings with grating vectors K±G appear. From the measurements the domain grating vector G and the duty cycle of the domain structure can be obtained. These findings allow for fast nondestructive quality inspection of PPLN and are of importance for any optical application combining holography and PPLN.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. H. T. Hsieh, D. Psaltis, O. Beyer, D. Maxein, C. van Korff Schmising, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Opt. Lett. 30, 2233 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

L. Arizmendi, Phys. Status Solidi A 201, 253 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2000 (2)

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Peithmann, J. Hukriede, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evalanova, O. A. Gilko, and S. V. Lavrishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

U. Schlarb and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15613 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

F. Kahmann, R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, and J. Seglins, Phase Transitions 40, 171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Jungen, G. Angelow, F. Laeri, and C. Grabmaier, Appl. Phys. A 55, 101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

1966 (1)

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 228 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A, A. Ashkin

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Aguilar, M.

Agulló-López, F.

Angelow, G.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Jungen, G. Angelow, F. Laeri, and C. Grabmaier, Appl. Phys. A 55, 101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arizmendi, L.

L. Arizmendi, Phys. Status Solidi A 201, 253 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ballman, A. A.

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Betzler, K.

U. Schlarb and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15613 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Beyer, O.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Boyd, C. D.

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

H. T. Hsieh, D. Psaltis, O. Beyer, D. Maxein, C. van Korff Schmising, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Opt. Lett. 30, 2233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, B. Sturman, and K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 80, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Peithmann, J. Hukriede, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Calvo, G.

Carrascosa, M.

Chaplina, T. O.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiang, A. C.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Engel, T.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Evalanova, N. F.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evalanova, O. A. Gilko, and S. V. Lavrishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Fejer, M. M.

Gaylord, T. K.

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gilko, O. A.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evalanova, O. A. Gilko, and S. V. Lavrishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goul'kov, M.

Grabmaier, C.

R. Jungen, G. Angelow, F. Laeri, and C. Grabmaier, Appl. Phys. A 55, 101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

Hartwig, U.

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, B. Sturman, and K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 80, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hilgenberg, D.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, H. T.

Huang, Y. C.

Hukriede, J.

K. Peithmann, J. Hukriede, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jungen, R.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Jungen, G. Angelow, F. Laeri, and C. Grabmaier, Appl. Phys. A 55, 101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kahmann, F.

F. Kahmann, R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, and J. Seglins, Phase Transitions 40, 171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Krätzig, E.

K. Peithmann, J. Hukriede, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laeri, F.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Jungen, G. Angelow, F. Laeri, and C. Grabmaier, Appl. Phys. A 55, 101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lavrishchev, S. V.

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evalanova, O. A. Gilko, and S. V. Lavrishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, H. J.

K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 228 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, J. J.

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. Y.

Loiacono, G. M.

K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 228 (1965).
[CrossRef]

MacCormack, S.

Matull, R.

F. Kahmann, R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, and J. Seglins, Phase Transitions 40, 171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maxein, D.

Miyazawa, S.

S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nassau, K.

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 228 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, I. I.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evalanova, O. A. Gilko, and S. V. Lavrishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S.

Peithmann, K.

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, B. Sturman, and K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 80, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Peithmann, J. Hukriede, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Podivilov, E.

Pruneri, V.

Psaltis, D.

Rupp, R. A.

F. Kahmann, R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, and J. Seglins, Phase Transitions 40, 171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schlarb, U.

U. Schlarb and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15613 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seglins, J.

F. Kahmann, R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, and J. Seglins, Phase Transitions 40, 171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shumelyuk, A.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shy, J. T.

Smith, R. G.

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

Tarabrova, T.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uesu, Y.

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369 (1997).
[CrossRef]

van Korff Schmising, C.

Vietze, U.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T. D.

Weis, R. S.

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Würtz, M.

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (2)

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Jungen, G. Angelow, F. Laeri, and C. Grabmaier, Appl. Phys. A 55, 101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

F. Laeri, R. Jungen, G. Angelow, U. Vietze, T. Engel, M. Würtz, and D. Hilgenberg, Appl. Phys. B 61, 351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, B. Sturman, and K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 80, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Nassau, H. J. Levinstein, and G. M. Loiacono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 228 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin A, C. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

I. I. Naumova, N. F. Evalanova, O. A. Gilko, and S. V. Lavrishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phase Transitions (1)

F. Kahmann, R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, and J. Seglins, Phase Transitions 40, 171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

K. Peithmann, J. Hukriede, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Schlarb and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15613 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

L. Arizmendi, Phys. Status Solidi A 201, 253 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of the crystal orientation: (a) x axis and grating vectors G and K are parallel, (b) recording light is ordinarily polarized; (c) incident beam is polarized ordinarily, and the readout process is purely anisotropic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Selectivity curves of (a) principal grating K, (b) sideband grating K G , (c) sideband grating K + G .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Determination of the DC of the domain structure: solid curve, calculated from Eq. (2), dashed lines, measured ratio of η 1 to η 0 .

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

K = sin θ read 0 ( 2 π n o , read λ read + 2 π n e , read λ read ) ,
η ± s η 0 = [ 2 sin ( s π DC ) s π ( 1 2 DC ) ] 2 .

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