Abstract

A novel multichannel vector sum phase shifter that is suitable for phased array antenna applications is demonstrated. Each channel is implemented using a distinct optical wavelength. Selective control of each channel is performed using an acousto-optic polarization coupler. The concept is successfully demonstrated for two individually controlled channels. For each channel, a continuously variable frequency linear phase shift is demonstrated between DC and 7GHz, with the phasing range exceeding 100°.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. C. Veihl, D. M. Hodges, and C. Monzon, in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2000 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2000).
  2. R. Axford, R. Major, and J. Rockway, in IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, 2003 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), pp. 365-370.
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Frank, in Phased Array Antennas: Proceedings of the 1970 Phased Array Antenna Symposium, A. A. Oliner and G. H. Knittel, eds. (Artech, 1992), pp. 243-253.
  4. A. N. Riza and J. B. Thompson, Selected Papers on Photonic Control Systems for Phased Array Antennas (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1997).
  5. S. J. Kim and N. H. Myung, IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett. 10, 233 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K.-H. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, and W.-Y. Choi, Opt. Lett. 30, 702 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, and T. H. Chio, in Conference on the Optical Internet/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT 2003 Conference, 2003), pp. 645-648.
  9. L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, in Bragg Gratings, Poling and Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT 2005 Conference, 2005). [CD-ROM]
    [PubMed]
  10. H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).
  11. K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2005

2003

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

2000

S. J. Kim and N. H. Myung, IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett. 10, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1989

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Austin, M.

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

Axford, R.

R. Axford, R. Major, and J. Rockway, in IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, 2003 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), pp. 365-370.
[CrossRef]

Baran, J. E.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Belski, I.

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

Bui, L. A.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, and T. H. Chio, in Conference on the Optical Internet/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT 2003 Conference, 2003), pp. 645-648.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, in Bragg Gratings, Poling and Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT 2005 Conference, 2005). [CD-ROM]
[PubMed]

Cheung, K. W.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chio, T. H.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, and T. H. Chio, in Conference on the Optical Internet/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT 2003 Conference, 2003), pp. 645-648.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, in Bragg Gratings, Poling and Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT 2005 Conference, 2005). [CD-ROM]
[PubMed]

Choi, W.-Y.

Frank, J.

J. Frank, in Phased Array Antennas: Proceedings of the 1970 Phased Array Antenna Symposium, A. A. Oliner and G. H. Knittel, eds. (Artech, 1992), pp. 243-253.

Ghorbani, K.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, in Bragg Gratings, Poling and Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT 2005 Conference, 2005). [CD-ROM]
[PubMed]

Heffner, B. L.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hodges, D. M.

J. C. Veihl, D. M. Hodges, and C. Monzon, in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2000 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2000).

Jhon, Y. M.

Kim, S. J.

S. J. Kim and N. H. Myung, IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett. 10, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-H.

Major, R.

R. Axford, R. Major, and J. Rockway, in IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, 2003 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), pp. 365-370.
[CrossRef]

Mendis, H.

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

Mitchell, A.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, in Bragg Gratings, Poling and Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT 2005 Conference, 2005). [CD-ROM]
[PubMed]

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, and T. H. Chio, in Conference on the Optical Internet/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT 2003 Conference, 2003), pp. 645-648.

Monzon, C.

J. C. Veihl, D. M. Hodges, and C. Monzon, in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2000 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2000).

Myung, N. H.

S. J. Kim and N. H. Myung, IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett. 10, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peverini, O. A.

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

Riza, A. N.

A. N. Riza and J. B. Thompson, Selected Papers on Photonic Control Systems for Phased Array Antennas (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1997).

Rockway, J.

R. Axford, R. Major, and J. Rockway, in IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, 2003 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), pp. 365-370.
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, J. B.

A. N. Riza and J. B. Thompson, Selected Papers on Photonic Control Systems for Phased Array Antennas (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1997).

Veihl, J. C.

J. C. Veihl, D. M. Hodges, and C. Monzon, in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2000 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2000).

Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem.

H. Mendis, A. Mitchell, I. Belski, M. Austin, and O. A. Peverini, Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 73, 489 (2001).

Electron. Lett.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, and B. L. Heffner, Electron. Lett. 25, 375 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, Electron. Lett. 39, 536 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett.

S. J. Kim and N. H. Myung, IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett. 10, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, and T. H. Chio, in Conference on the Optical Internet/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT 2003 Conference, 2003), pp. 645-648.

L. A. Bui, A. Mitchell, K. Ghorbani, and T. H. Chio, in Bragg Gratings, Poling and Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT 2005 Conference, 2005). [CD-ROM]
[PubMed]

J. C. Veihl, D. M. Hodges, and C. Monzon, in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2000 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2000).

R. Axford, R. Major, and J. Rockway, in IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, 2003 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), pp. 365-370.
[CrossRef]

J. Frank, in Phased Array Antennas: Proceedings of the 1970 Phased Array Antenna Symposium, A. A. Oliner and G. H. Knittel, eds. (Artech, 1992), pp. 243-253.

A. N. Riza and J. B. Thompson, Selected Papers on Photonic Control Systems for Phased Array Antennas (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1997).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Experimental setup for demonstrating dual-channel AO-VSPS. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured characteristics of the AOPC: (a) wavelength transfer characteristic, (b) polarization coupling characteristic, (c) transient characteristic.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured TE coupling characteristic of the AOPC under the presence of single and both acoustic waves.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured responses of the dual-channel AO-VSPS: (a) phase response of channel 1, (b) magnitude response of channel 1, (c) phase responses at 7 GHz of channels 1 and 2 under four measurement scenarios.

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