Abstract

We give direct experimental evidence that the group velocity of ultrashort pulses can be controlled through χ(2)-cascaded interactions, under the condition of large group-velocity mismatch. The group velocity can be finely tuned by acting on pulse intensity and phase mismatch. Group-delay shifts up to 50fs are achieved by propagating 40fs pulses around 1400nm in a 25mm long periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystal.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, E. W. Van Stryland, and H. Vanherzeele, Opt. Lett. 17, 28 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Capobianco, B. Costantini, C. De Angelis, A. Laureti Palma, and G. F. Nalesso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2602 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Liu, L. J. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Liu, K. Beckwitt, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. E 62, 1328 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. A. Ostrovskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 797 (1967).
  10. C. R. Menyuk, R. Schiek, and L. Torner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2434 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Ö. Ilday, K. Beckwitt, Y. F. Chen, H. Lim, and F. W. Wise, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 376 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, K. Beckwitt, Y. F. Chen, H. Lim, and F. W. Wise, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

X. Liu, K. Beckwitt, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. E 62, 1328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

X. Liu, L. J. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1967 (1)

L. A. Ostrovskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 797 (1967).

Ashihara, S.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baronio, F.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barthélémy, A.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beckwitt, K.

Buryak, A. V.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Caironi, D.

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Capobianco, D.

Carrasco, S.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cha, M.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Costantini, B.

Couderc, V.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Capobianco, B. Costantini, C. De Angelis, A. Laureti Palma, and G. F. Nalesso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2602 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

DeSalvo, R.

Di Trapani, P.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Kitamura, K.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, K.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, L.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, K. Beckwitt, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. E 62, 1328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. J. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, D.

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mihalache, D.

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, Y.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nalesso, G. F.

Ostrovskii, L. A.

L. A. Ostrovskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 797 (1967).

Palma, A. Laureti

Pioger, P. H.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

X. Liu, L. J. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quiring, V.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schiek, R.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Shimura, T.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Taira, T.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Menyuk, R. Schiek, and L. Torner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2434 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vanherzeele, H.

Wise, F.

X. Liu, K. Beckwitt, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. E 62, 1328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Yu, N. E.

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, M. Cha, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1055 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. (1)

F. Baronio, A. Barthélémy, S. Carrasco, V. Couderc, C. De Angelis, L. Lefort, Y. Min, P. H. Pioger, V. Quiring, L. Torner, and W. Sohler, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

X. Liu, K. Beckwitt, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. E 62, 1328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Di Trapani, D. Caironi, G. Valiulis, A. Dubietis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 570 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. J. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. A. Ostrovskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 797 (1967).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) FF input pulse (dotted curve), and FF output pulses at low ( I = 0.1 GW cm 2 , dashed curve) and high intensies ( I = 55 GW cm 2 , solid curve), for a phase-mismatch Δ k L = 180 π . Inset, temporal evolution in the t z plane at high intensity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured cross-correlation traces of the FF pulses, taken at Δ k L 180 π . Dotted curve, FF input pulse; dashed curve, FF output pulse at I = 2 GW cm 2 ; solid curve, FF output pulse at I = 55 GW cm 2 . (b) Same as (a) for Δ k L 300 π .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time delay of the output location of the FF energy centroid as a function of the FF input peak intensity. Dots, measured delay at Δ k L 180 π ; asterisks, measured delay at Δ k L 300 π . Solid curves are obtained from numerical simulations.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental (solid curves) and simulated (dotted curves) FF spectra at the input and at the output of the crystal. I = 55 GW cm 2 and Δ k L 180 π .

Equations (2)

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j w z β FF 2 2 w t 2 + χ ( 2 ) π λ FF n FF v w * exp ( j Δ k z ) = 0 ,
j v z j δ v t β SH 2 2 v t 2 + χ ( 2 ) π λ FF n SH w 2 exp ( j Δ k z ) = 0 ,

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