Abstract

A three-core polarization splitter based on a square-lattice photonic-crystal fiber is presented. The component separates the input field into two orthogonally polarized beams that are coupled to the horizontal and vertical output ports. The splitter has been designed through modal and beam propagation analysis by employing high-performance codes based on the finite-element method. Results obtained for a device length of 20mm show extinction ratios as low as 23dB with bandwidths as great as 90nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Hayakawa, S. Asakawa, and Y. Kokubun, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1165 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Lin, W. Chaung, and W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2547 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Zhang and C. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1367 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Zhang and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1670 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, and M. Koshiba, Opt. Express 12, 3940 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Selleri, L. Rosa, F. Poli, and A. Cucinotta, in Lasers and Electro-Optical Society 2004 (IEEE-LEOS, 2004), p. 647.
  8. A. H. Bouk, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, Opt. Express 12, 941 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. C. Liu and Y. Lai, Opt. Express 13, 225 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Poli, M. Foroni, M. Bottacini, M. Fuochi, N. Burani, L. Rosa, A. Cucinotta, and S. Selleri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1655 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

2005 (3)

Y. C. Liu and Y. Lai, Opt. Express 13, 225 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Poli, M. Foroni, M. Bottacini, M. Fuochi, N. Burani, L. Rosa, A. Cucinotta, and S. Selleri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1655 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

2004 (5)

L. Zhang and C. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1670 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, and M. Koshiba, Opt. Express 12, 3940 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Selleri, L. Rosa, F. Poli, and A. Cucinotta, in Lasers and Electro-Optical Society 2004 (IEEE-LEOS, 2004), p. 647.

A. H. Bouk, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, and S. Selleri, Opt. Express 12, 941 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

T. Hayakawa, S. Asakawa, and Y. Kokubun, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Lin, W. Chaung, and W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, S.

T. Hayakawa, S. Asakawa, and Y. Kokubun, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Asimakis, S.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Bottacini, M.

Bouk, A. H.

Burani, N.

Chaung, W.

K. Lin, W. Chaung, and W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cucinotta, A.

de Vreede, A. H.

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Feng, X.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Foroni, M.

Frampton, K. E.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Fuochi, M.

Groen, F. H.

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, T.

T. Hayakawa, S. Asakawa, and Y. Kokubun, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

T. Hayakawa, S. Asakawa, and Y. Kokubun, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Lai, Y.

Lee, W.

K. Lin, W. Chaung, and W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leong, J. Y. Y.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Lin, K.

K. Lin, W. Chaung, and W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. C.

Loh, W. H.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Metaal, E. G.

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Moore, R. C.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Petropoulos, P.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Poletti, F.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Poli, F.

Richardson, D. J.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

Rosa, L.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, M. Bottacini, M. Fuochi, N. Burani, L. Rosa, A. Cucinotta, and S. Selleri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1655 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Selleri, L. Rosa, F. Poli, and A. Cucinotta, in Lasers and Electro-Optical Society 2004 (IEEE-LEOS, 2004), p. 647.

Saitoh, K.

Sato, Y.

Selleri, S.

Smit, M. K.

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L.

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, B. H.

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

L. Zhang and C. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1670 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1670 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang and C. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

L. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1670 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

K. Lin, W. Chaung, and W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2547 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Hayakawa, S. Asakawa, and Y. Kokubun, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang and C. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (2)

S. Selleri, L. Rosa, F. Poli, and A. Cucinotta, in Lasers and Electro-Optical Society 2004 (IEEE-LEOS, 2004), p. 647.

J. Y. Y. Leong, S. Asimakis, F. Poletti, P. Petropoulos, X. Feng, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, in ECOC-2005 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper Th 4.4.5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

PCF cross section of the square-lattice splitter. Parameters of the lattice are Λ = 4 μ m and d Λ = 0.4 . Holes marked 1, 2, and 3 have d Λ equal to 0.395, 0.2, and 0.755, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized power evolution as a function of the splitter length z, considering an x-polarized input field. P A , P B , and P C are the power curves evaluated for cores A, B, and C, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dominant magnetic field component of the x-polarized field after a 15.7 mm propagation in the device.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dominant magnetic field component of the y-polarized field after a 15.7 mm propagation in the device.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Extinction ratios for the x and y polarizations as a function of the splitter length z.

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