Abstract

The optical transmission of an individual subwavelength aperture in a multilayered metal film is shown to be enhanced compared with that of a homogeneous metal film. The enhancement effect is due to the light coupling to surface plasmon excitation facilitated by a film periodicity. The sensitivity of the transmission to the dielectric filling of the aperture is also shown. The latter effect can be used to switch and control the transmittance. Devices based on enhanced transmission through nanosized apertures can find applications in high-density optical and magneto-optical data storage, high-resolution microscopy, and photolithography, where nanoscale light sources with high-optical-power throughput are required, as well as in sensor applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Sendur, W. Challener, and C. Peng, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2743 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Opt. Lett. 233, 231 (2004).
  4. K. Sendur, C. Peng, and W. Challener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. J. Bouwkamp, Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321 (1950).
  7. W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S16 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. A. Darmanyan and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. A. Darmanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, "Light-guiding device," British patent application 0412236.2 (2004).

2005 (1)

K. Sendur, C. Peng, and W. Challener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

K. Sendur, W. Challener, and C. Peng, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2743 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Opt. Lett. 233, 231 (2004).

S. A. Darmanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

S. A. Darmanyan and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

C. J. Bouwkamp, Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321 (1950).

1944 (1)

H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Bouwkamp, C. J.

C. J. Bouwkamp, Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321 (1950).

Challener, W.

K. Sendur, C. Peng, and W. Challener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sendur, W. Challener, and C. Peng, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2743 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Darmanyan, S. A.

S. A. Darmanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Darmanyan and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesesn, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, J.

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McDaniel, T. W.

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mihalcea, Ch. D.

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mountfield, K. R.

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nevière, M.

S. A. Darmanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pelhos, K.

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

K. Sendur, C. Peng, and W. Challener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sendur, W. Challener, and C. Peng, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2743 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sendur, I. K.

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sendur, K.

K. Sendur, C. Peng, and W. Challener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sendur, W. Challener, and C. Peng, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2743 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, "Light-guiding device," British patent application 0412236.2 (2004).

Stanishevsky, A.

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Opt. Lett. 233, 231 (2004).

Tanaka, M.

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Opt. Lett. 233, 231 (2004).

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

S. A. Darmanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Darmanyan and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, "Light-guiding device," British patent application 0412236.2 (2004).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Sendur, W. Challener, and C. Peng, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2743 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

W. Challener, T. W. McDaniel, Ch. D. Mihalcea, K. R. Mountfield, K. Pelhos, and I. K. Sendur, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 42, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesesn, J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Opt. Lett. 233, 231 (2004).

Philips Res. Rep. (1)

C. J. Bouwkamp, Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321 (1950).

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

S. A. Darmanyan and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Darmanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, A. Stanishevsky, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. Sendur, C. Peng, and W. Challener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, "Light-guiding device," British patent application 0412236.2 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Geometry of the multilayered structure: L, Au membrane thickness; d 1 and d 2 , Au and Ag layers thickness, respectively; D = d 1 + d 2 ; θ, cone opening angle, a, aperture size.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) H z component of the electromagnetic field distributions for light transmission through the slit aperture in the nine-period layered structure (a) in air (parameters of the structure D = 46 nm , L = 200 nm , θ = 86 ° , a = λ 50 ), (b) when the aperture and depression are filled with the dielectric n = 1.5 (the parameters of the structure are D = 37 nm , L = 160 nm , θ = 85 ° , a = λ 60 ), (c) the same as (a) in the presence of the thick Co film under the aperture. The polarization of the illuminating light ( λ = 633 nm ) is in the plane of the cross sections, and the H z field is perpendicular to the image plane. The color scales are internal for each image and are saturated to reveal fine details of the images. (d) Cross sections of (a) and (c) along the output facet of the aperture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a), (b) Dependencies of the intensity transmitted through the aperture in the layered structures presented in Figs. 2a, 2b, respectively, on the reduced wavelength. (c) Dependence of the intensity transmitted through the aperture on the refractive index changes of the dielectric filling in the aperture.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k SP = ω c ϵ 0 1 2 cos θ + 2 π ( d 1 + d 2 ) m cos θ ,

Metrics