Abstract

A novel class of microstructured optical fiber coupler is introduced that operates by resonant, rather than proximity, energy transfer by means of transverse light guides built into a fiber cross section. Such a design permits significant spatial separation between interacting fibers, which, in turn, eliminates intercore cross talk owing to proximity coupling. A controllable energy transfer between the cores is then achieved by localized and highly directional transmission through a transverse light guide. The main advantage of this coupling scheme is its inherent scalability, as one can integrate additional fiber cores into the existing fiber cross section simply by placing the cores far enough from the existing optical circuitry to prevent proximity cross talk and then making the necessary intercore connections with transverse light wires, in direct analogy with on-chip electronics integration.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. E. P. Padden, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and N. A. Issa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1689 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kim, J. Kim, U.-C. Paek, B. H. Lee, and K. T. Kim, Opt. Lett. 29, 1194 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Laegsgaard, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Lett. 29, 2473 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, Opt. Express 11, 3100 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

W. E. P. Padden, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and N. A. Issa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1689 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

Canning, J.

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greenaway, A. H.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Issa, N. A.

W. E. P. Padden, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and N. A. Issa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1689 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, K. T.

Knight, J. C.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Kristensen, M.

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laegsgaard, J.

Lee, B. H.

Lyytikainen, K.

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Padden, W. E. P.

W. E. P. Padden, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and N. A. Issa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1689 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U.-C.

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ryan, T.

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

W. E. P. Padden, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and N. A. Issa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1689 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. E. P. Padden, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and N. A. Issa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1689 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Canning, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, T. Ryan, M. Kristensen, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Commun. 185, 321 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (1)

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic of a two-hollow-core MOF coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Resonant coupling between two cores separated by 11 periods and connected by a line defect. Top, dispersion relations of supermodes. Bottom, inset, field distribution of mixed modes at consecutive resonances.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Coupling length across a bandgap as a function of intercore separation N. (a) Solid curves, resonant coupler; dashed curves, proximity coupler. (b) Fabry–Perot resonances.

Metrics