Abstract

A balanced optical–microwave phase detector for the extraction of low-jitter, high-power, and drift-free microwave signals from optical pulse trains is presented. The phase detection is based on electro-optic sampling with a differentially biased Sagnac loop. Because the timing information is transferred in the optical domain, the regenerated microwave signal is robust against drifts and photodetector nonlinearities. In a first experimental implementation, 3fs in-loop relative timing jitter (integrated from 1Hzto10MHz) between a 44MHz optical pulse train and a 10.225GHz microwave signal is demonstrated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 28, 2411 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1981 (1)

Bartels, A.

Berger, J.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Bergquist, J. C.

Böhm, K.

Callicoatt, B. E.

Diddams, S. A.

Feiste, U.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Haus, H. A.

Hilliger, E.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Hollberg, L.

Ilday, F. Ö.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Winter, and F. X. Kärtner, in 2005 Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), pp. 149-150.
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Ivanov, E. N.

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Kärtner, F. X.

J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and M. H. Perrott, Opt. Lett. 29, 2076 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Winter, and F. X. Kärtner, in 2005 Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), pp. 149-150.
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and M. H. Perrott, Opt. Lett. 29, 2076 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Winter, and F. X. Kärtner, in 2005 Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), pp. 149-150.
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

Ludwig, R.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Maleki, L.

Mirin, R. P.

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

Oskay, W. H.

Oxenlowe, L. K.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Perrott, M. H.

Russer, P.

Sanford, N. A.

Schlager, J. B.

Schmidt, C.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Schubert, C.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Tamura, K.

Ulrich, R.

Weber, H. G.

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

Weidel, E.

Wilpers, G.

Winter, A.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Winter, and F. X. Kärtner, in 2005 Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), pp. 149-150.
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

Ye, J.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Winter, and F. X. Kärtner, in 2005 Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), pp. 149-150.
[CrossRef]

L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. 525-526.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the balanced optical–microwave phase detector. The solid and dotted lines indicate optical and electrical signal paths, respectively. RF, radio frequency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Demonstration experimental setup for microwave signal regeneration from an optical pulse train by use of the balanced optical–microwave phase detector. DBM, double-balanced mixer; LPF, low-pass filter; PC, polarization controller; PD, photodiode; PM, polarization maintaining; SM, non-PM single-mode; VCO, voltage-controlled oscillator; Solid and dotted lines indicate optical (in fiber) and electrical signal paths, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-sideband (SSB) phase noise spectra at 10.225 GHz . Dashed curve, free-running VCO (taken from datasheet); solid curve, in-loop phase noise when it is locked; dotted curve, signal analyzer noise floor.

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