Abstract

Fabry–Perot etalons have been fabricated with 3D colloidal photonic crystal mirrors. The colloid films were optimized for high reflection and low loss to provide good finesse values in the 1200–1700nm spectral range. A cavity quality factor of 2400 and a finesse of 8 together with sharp 0.5nm wide resonance transmission peaks are reported that attest to the relatively good optical quality of the three-dimensionally structured films and the promise of self-assembly colloidal crystal chemistry in providing novel microporous optical interferometers for potential applications such as environmental and biological sensing.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

S. M. Yang, H. Miguez, and G. A. Ozin, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 425 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

Yu. A. Vlasov, X.-Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, Nature 414, 289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. L. Colvin, MRS Bull. 23, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Y. Xia, B. Gates, and S. H. Park, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. F. Krauss, B. Vögele, C. R. Stanely, and R. M. De La Rue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

S.-Y. Lin, V. M. Hietala, S. K. Lyo, and A. Zaslavsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3233 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 8, 1085 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. Gieshe, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 14, 205 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anand, A.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, J. M.

A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beaky, M. M.

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blanco, A.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bo, X.-Z.

Yu. A. Vlasov, X.-Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, Nature 414, 289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouadma, N.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burk, J. B.

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cassagne, D.

A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C. C.

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, V. L.

V. L. Colvin, MRS Bull. 23, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

T. F. Krauss, B. Vögele, C. R. Stanely, and R. M. De La Rue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Everitt, H. O.

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Floridi, M

Forchel, A.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fornes, V.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gates, B.

Gentner, J.-L.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gieshe, H.

H. Gieshe, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 14, 205 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Haider, M. A.

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Happ, T. D.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hietala, V. M.

S.-Y. Lin, V. M. Hietala, S. K. Lyo, and A. Zaslavsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3233 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. M.

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

See, for example, J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Modeling the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jouanin, C.

A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitaev, V.

S. Wong, V. Kitaev, and G. A. Ozin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

T. F. Krauss, B. Vögele, C. R. Stanely, and R. M. De La Rue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R.

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Lin, V. M. Hietala, S. K. Lyo, and A. Zaslavsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3233 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lyo, S. K.

S.-Y. Lin, V. M. Hietala, S. K. Lyo, and A. Zaslavsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3233 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Markard, A.

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

Meade, R. D.

See, for example, J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Modeling the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

Melloni, A.

Meseguer, F.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mifsud, A.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miguez, H.

S. M. Yang, H. Miguez, and G. A. Ozin, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 425 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morichetti, F.

Moya, J. S.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

Yu. A. Vlasov, X.-Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, Nature 414, 289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Brien, J.

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Özbay, E.

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ozin, G. A.

S. Wong, V. Kitaev, and G. A. Ozin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Yang, H. Miguez, and G. A. Ozin, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 425 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. H.

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 8, 1085 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Requena, J.

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, A. L.

A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sigalas, M.

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stanely, C. R.

T. F. Krauss, B. Vögele, C. R. Stanely, and R. M. De La Rue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, J. C.

Yu. A. Vlasov, X.-Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, Nature 414, 289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tuttle, G.

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Venakides, S.

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Vlasov, X.-Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, Nature 414, 289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vögele, B.

T. F. Krauss, B. Vögele, C. R. Stanely, and R. M. De La Rue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

See, for example, J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Modeling the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

Wong, S.

S. Wong, V. Kitaev, and G. A. Ozin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, S. M.

S. M. Yang, H. Miguez, and G. A. Ozin, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 425 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zaslavsky, A.

S.-Y. Lin, V. M. Hietala, S. K. Lyo, and A. Zaslavsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3233 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. M. Yang, H. Miguez, and G. A. Ozin, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 425 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (1)

H. Miguez, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez, A. Blanco, J. S. Moya, J. Requena, A. Mifsud, and V. Fornes, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 10, 480 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S.-Y. Lin, V. M. Hietala, S. K. Lyo, and A. Zaslavsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3233 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. O'Brien, O. Painter, R. Lee, C. C. Cheng, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 32, 2243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. F. Krauss, B. Vögele, C. R. Stanely, and R. M. De La Rue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. M. Beaky, J. B. Burk, H. O. Everitt, M. A. Haider, and S. Venakides, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2085 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

S. Wong, V. Kitaev, and G. A. Ozin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (1)

H. Gieshe, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 14, 205 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

J. B. Pendry, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 8, 1085 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

T. D. Happ, A. Markard, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, A. Anand, J.-L. Gentner, and N. Bouadma, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 2775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

MRS Bull. (1)

V. L. Colvin, MRS Bull. 23, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Yu. A. Vlasov, X.-Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, Nature 414, 289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

E. Özbay, G. Tuttle, M. Sigalas, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. M. Ho, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Synth. Met. (1)

A. L. Reynolds, C. Jouanin, D. Cassagne, and J. M. Arnold, Synth. Met. 116, 453 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

See, for example, J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Modeling the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical microscope image of the silica colloidal photonic crystal mirror comprising the Fabry–Perot etalon, and (b) low- and (inset) high-resolution scanning electron microscopy images of the top (111) surface.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Normalized transmission spectrum of a Fabry–Perot cavity coated with silica colloidal photonic crystal mirrors (lower curve) and normalized transmission of the uncoated substrate (upper curve). Inset, spectrum enlarged around the photonic bandgap center. (b) Measured cavity quality factor as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

One-dimensional simulation of the normalized transmission spectrum of a Fabry–Perot etalon with identical silica colloidal photonic crystal mirrors. Inset, spectrum enlarged around the photonic bandgap center together with the experimental recorded spectrum (dashed curve) of Fig. 2a.

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