Abstract

We demonstrate propagation of ultrafast laser pulses through a molecular gas acting as a transient wave plate under conditions of strong phase modulation. The resulting decomposition of a linearly polarized laser pulse into two nearly distinct, orthogonally polarized laser pulses is demonstrated with transiently aligned, linear molecules.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. P. Heritage, T. K. Gustafson, and C. H. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1299 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. L. Smirl, X. Chen, and O. Buccafusca, Opt. Lett. 23, 1120 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. Masihzadeh, M. Baertschy, and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Express 14, 2520 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Hartinger, S. Nirmalgandhi, J. Wilson, and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Express 13, 6919 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Smirl, X. Chen, and O. Buccafusca, Opt. Lett. 23, 1120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. P. Heritage, T. K. Gustafson, and C. H. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1299 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baertschy, M.

Bartels, R.

S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buccafusca, O.

Chen, X.

Christov, I.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Vivie-Riedle, R.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dollinger, R.

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafson, T. K.

J. P. Heritage, T. K. Gustafson, and C. H. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1299 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hartinger, K.

Heritage, J. P.

J. P. Heritage, T. K. Gustafson, and C. H. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1299 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

R. A. Bartels, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, J. Wyss, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 28, 346 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kompa, K.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leone, S.

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

J. P. Heritage, T. K. Gustafson, and C. H. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1299 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Masihzadeh, O.

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motzkus, M.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M.

R. A. Bartels, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, J. Wyss, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 28, 346 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nirmalgandhi, S.

Rabitz, H.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seideman, T.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smirl, A. L.

Stapelfeldt, H.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, S.

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, J. Wyss, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 28, 346 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinacht, T.

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, J.

Wyss, J.

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, S. Leone, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 03301 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Heritage, T. K. Gustafson, and C. H. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1299 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pump-probe setup for observation of polarization splitting.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured temporal phase modulation along y ̂ (solid curve) and z ̂ (dashed curve) of the TWP for a propagation direction of x ̂ , at the quarter revival of the wave packet at a pressure of 57 Torr . (b) Probe spectra recorded after a crossed analyzer. (c) Probe energy transmitted through the analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Probe spectra measured after an analyzing polarizer near the quarter revival at 570 Torr . The spectral shear along the eigenpolarization directions (a) for z ̂ and (b) for y ̂ . (c) Modulation of the overlap spectra due to the birefringence for η = 45 ° .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement of pulse polarization splitting. (a) The reference spectrum is the probe spectrum incident on the TWP. The (b) z ̂ -pulse and (c) y ̂ -pulse output spectra are measured with an analyzer parallel and perpendicular to the pump polarization direction, respectively.

Equations (1)

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S ( Ω ) = sin 2 θ sin 2 η S y ( Ω ) + cos 2 θ cos 2 η S z ( Ω ) + 1 2 sin 2 θ sin 2 η S y ( Ω ) S z ( Ω ) cos [ Δ Φ z y ( τ o ) ] ,

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