Abstract

We report a novel approach to spectroscopy of surface plasmons based on the simultaneous excitation of surface plasmons by a polychromatic light and the dispersion of light on a diffraction grating coupler of a special design. This approach shows promise for the development of new, miniaturized, spectroscopic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors. Potential of this approach for SPR sensing is demonstrated in a model refractometric experiment.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982).
  2. H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Brecht and G. Gauglitz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 923 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 54, 16 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Petit and L. C. Botten, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

2006

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 54, 16 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Brecht and G. Gauglitz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 923 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

J. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Agostiano, A.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Altenburg, B. S. F.

H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boardman, A. D.

A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982).

Botten, L. C.

R. Petit and L. C. Botten, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

Brecht, A.

A. Brecht and G. Gauglitz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 923 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Comparelli, R.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Curri, M. L.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Bruijn, H. E.

H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brecht and G. Gauglitz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 923 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greve, J.

H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 54, 16 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kooyman, R. P. H.

H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koudela, I.

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 54, 16 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leo, G.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liedberg, B.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrom, I.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Manera, M. G.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nylander, C.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Petit, R.

R. Petit and L. C. Botten, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

Rella, R.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Uttamchandani, D.

J. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vasanelli, L.

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 54, 16 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. L. M.

J. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron.

A. Brecht and G. Gauglitz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 923 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett.

J. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. E. de Bruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Opt. Commun. 82, 425 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

M. G. Manera, G. Leo, M. L. Curri, R. Comparelli, R. Rella, A. Agostiano, and L. Vasanelli, Sens. Actuators B 115, 365 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 54, 16 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Petit and L. C. Botten, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectroscopy of SPs: principle of operation of SPRCD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity in the first order of diffraction as a function of wavelength calculated for four different depths of the grating and two different refractive indices of the dielectric. Grating period, 1190 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity in the first order of diffraction as a function of wavelength. Grating period, 1190 nm ; grating modulation depth, 100 nm ; refractive index of dielectric, 1.330. Solid curve, experiment; dashed curve, theory.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Response of the SPR sensor to changes in the refractive index of a sample. Change in the coupling wavelength as a function of time.

Equations (2)

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n D sin θ i + m λ SPR Λ = ± Re { ϵ M n D 2 ϵ M + n D 2 } ,
m λ Λ = n D ( sin θ i sin θ d ) .

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