Abstract

Hollow-core photonic-crystal fibers (PCFs) provide soliton delivery and frequency shifting of 2.8MW femtosecond pulses with an input central wavelength of 618nm. The frequency-shifted megawatt soliton output of the hollow PCF is used as a high-peak-power Stokes field for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microspectroscopy, providing a dynamic range of nearly four decades for anti-Stokes signal detection, thus enabling time-resolved CARS studies of ultrafast relaxation processes on time scales from tens of femtoseconds up to tens of picoseconds.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. W.Kiefer, ed., "Femtosecond Coherent Raman Spectroscopy," Special Issue of J. Raman Spectrosc. 31(1/2) (2000).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2006 (1)

2005 (2)

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (4)

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Lett. 28, 1448 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

A. M. Zheltikov and N. I. Koroteev, Phys. Usp. 42, 321 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Linden, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Opt. Lett. 24, 569 (1999).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

D. von der Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954 (1971).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beloglazov, V. I.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borrelli, N. F.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, S.

Côté, D.

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couny, F.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eesley, G. L.

G. L. Eesley, Coherent Raman Spectroscopy (Pergamon, 1981).

Evans, C. L.

F. Légaré, C. L. Evans, F. Ganikhanov, and X. S. Xie, Opt. Express 14, 4427 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A. B.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ganikhanov, F.

Giessen, H.

Holtom, G. R.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, W.

D. von der Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954 (1971).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Managan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, Opt. Express 12, 835 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, K.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konorov, S. O.

Koroteev, N. I.

A. M. Zheltikov and N. I. Koroteev, Phys. Usp. 42, 321 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kuhl, J.

Laubereau, A.

D. von der Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954 (1971).
[Crossref]

Légaré, F.

Lin, C. P.

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

Luan, F.

Managan, B. J.

Mitrokhin, V. P.

Muller, D.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Potma, E. O.

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puoris'haag, M.

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reid, D. T.

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Managan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, Opt. Express 12, 835 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scalora, M.

Shcherbakov, A. V.

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skibina, N. B.

Smith, C. M.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954 (1971).
[Crossref]

West, J. A.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, D. P.

Wintner, E.

Xiao, D.

Xie, X. S.

F. Légaré, C. L. Evans, F. Ganikhanov, and X. S. Xie, Opt. Express 14, 4427 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zumbusch, A.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Nature (3)

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, Nature 418, 512 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. von der Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954 (1971).
[Crossref]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Usp. (1)

A. M. Zheltikov and N. I. Koroteev, Phys. Usp. 42, 321 (1999).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, M. Puoris'haag, D. Côté, C. P. Lin, and X. S. Xie, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 16807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (3)

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

G. L. Eesley, Coherent Raman Spectroscopy (Pergamon, 1981).

W.Kiefer, ed., "Femtosecond Coherent Raman Spectroscopy," Special Issue of J. Raman Spectrosc. 31(1/2) (2000).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Filled circles show the spectrum of the second-harmonic Cr: forsterite laser pulse transmitted through a hollow PCF (inset 1) with a length of 50 cm filled with atmospheric-pressure air. The input pulse (spectrum, dotted curve) has a central wavelength of 618 nm and an initial energy of 300 nJ . Dashed curve, numerical solution of the generalized NSE. Also shown is the wavelength dependence of PCF attenuation. Inset 2, temporal envelope of the blueshifted soliton PCF output reconstructed from cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating (filled circles) and calculated by solving the generalized NSE (dashed curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Filled circles, the intensity of the anti-Stokes signal from a C Cl 4 cell measured as a function of the delay time τ between the probe pulse and the pump–Stokes pulse dyad. Solid line, exp ( 2 τ T 2 ) dependence. Inset 1, diagram of the CARS setup. Inset 2: squares, a closeup of the P a ( τ ) dependence measured for small τ; solid curve, cross-correlation function for the pump, Stokes, and probe pulses.

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