Abstract

We present the experimental observation of scalar multipole solitons in highly nonlocal nonlinear media, including dipole, tripole, quadrupole, and necklace-type solitons, organized as arrays of out-of-phase bright spots. These complex solitons are metastable, but with a large parameters range where the instability is weak, permitting their experimental observation.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Carmon, C. Anastassiou, S. Lan, D. Kip, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 25, 1113 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Mitchell, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4657 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Soljacic, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Soljacic and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 420 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033901 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. V. Kartashov, L.-C. Crasovan, D. Mihalache, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 273902 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Akhmediev and V. V. Afanasjev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2320 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. N. Rosanov, S. V. Fedorov, and A. N. Shatsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 053903 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. A. Kolchugina, V. A. Mironov, and A. M. Sergeev, JETP Lett. 31, 304 (1980).
  13. V. A. Mironov, A. M. Sergeev, and E. M. Sher, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 26, 861 (1981).
  14. A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Peccianti, K. A. Brzdakiewicz, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 27, 1460 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 30, 3171 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Skupin, O. Bang, D. Edmundson, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066603 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. I. Yakimenko, V. M. Lashkin, and O. O. Prikhodko, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066605 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, J. J. Rasmussen, and P. L. Christiansen, Opt. Lett. 29, 286 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. K. Turitsyn, Theor. Math. Phys. 64, 797 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. Krolikowski and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016610 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Wyller, and J. J. Rasmussen, Phys. Rev. E 66, 046619 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Lopez-Aguayo, A. S. Desyatnikov, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1100 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, O. Bang, D. Edmundson, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Yakimenko, V. M. Lashkin, and O. O. Prikhodko, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Lopez-Aguayo, A. S. Desyatnikov, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 30, 3171 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Rosanov, S. V. Fedorov, and A. N. Shatsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 053903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, J. J. Rasmussen, and P. L. Christiansen, Opt. Lett. 29, 286 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

M. Peccianti, K. A. Brzdakiewicz, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 27, 1460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Wyller, and J. J. Rasmussen, Phys. Rev. E 66, 046619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, L.-C. Crasovan, D. Mihalache, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 273902 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Soljacic and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 420 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Carmon, C. Anastassiou, S. Lan, D. Kip, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 25, 1113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and V. V. Afanasjev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2320 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, Theor. Math. Phys. 64, 797 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

V. A. Mironov, A. M. Sergeev, and E. M. Sher, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 26, 861 (1981).

1980 (1)

I. A. Kolchugina, V. A. Mironov, and A. M. Sergeev, JETP Lett. 31, 304 (1980).

Adamski, A.

X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Afanasjev, V. V.

N. Akhmediev and V. V. Afanasjev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2320 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and V. V. Afanasjev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2320 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anastassiou, C.

Anderson, D. Z.

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

Bang, O.

S. Lopez-Aguayo, A. S. Desyatnikov, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, O. Bang, D. Edmundson, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, J. J. Rasmussen, and P. L. Christiansen, Opt. Lett. 29, 286 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Wyller, and J. J. Rasmussen, Phys. Rev. E 66, 046619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brzdakiewicz, K. A.

Cambournac, C.

X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carmon, T.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Carmon, C. Anastassiou, S. Lan, D. Kip, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 25, 1113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Christiansen, P. L.

Christodoulides, D.

Christodoulides, D. N.

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crasovan, L.-C.

Y. V. Kartashov, L.-C. Crasovan, D. Mihalache, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 273902 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Desyatnikov, A. S.

S. Lopez-Aguayo, A. S. Desyatnikov, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dreischuh, A.

A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edmundson, D.

S. Skupin, O. Bang, D. Edmundson, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, S. V.

N. N. Rosanov, S. V. Fedorov, and A. N. Shatsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 053903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geisser, M.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haelterman, M.

X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hutsebaut, X.

X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kartashov, Y. V.

Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 30, 3171 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, L.-C. Crasovan, D. Mihalache, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 273902 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

Kivshar, Y. S.

S. Lopez-Aguayo, A. S. Desyatnikov, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolchugina, I. A.

I. A. Kolchugina, V. A. Mironov, and A. M. Sergeev, JETP Lett. 31, 304 (1980).

Krolikowski, W.

S. Lopez-Aguayo, A. S. Desyatnikov, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Skupin, W. Krolikowski, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, O. Bang, D. Edmundson, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, J. J. Rasmussen, and P. L. Christiansen, Opt. Lett. 29, 286 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Wyller, and J. J. Rasmussen, Phys. Rev. E 66, 046619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lan, S.

Lashkin, V. M.

A. I. Yakimenko, V. M. Lashkin, and O. O. Prikhodko, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Aguayo, S.

Luther-Davies, B.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mamaev, A. V.

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Manela, O.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCarthy, G.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mezentsev, V. K.

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mihalache, D.

Y. V. Kartashov, L.-C. Crasovan, D. Mihalache, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 273902 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mironov, V. A.

V. A. Mironov, A. M. Sergeev, and E. M. Sher, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 26, 861 (1981).

I. A. Kolchugina, V. A. Mironov, and A. M. Sergeev, JETP Lett. 31, 304 (1980).

Mitchell, M.

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Musslimani, Z. H.

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Carmon, C. Anastassiou, S. Lan, D. Kip, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 25, 1113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nepomnyashchy, A.

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neshev, D.

A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, J. J. Rasmussen, and P. L. Christiansen, Opt. Lett. 29, 286 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neyts, K.

X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, Opt. Commun. 233, 211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nikolov, N. I.

Ostrovskaya, E. A.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peccianti, M.

Petersen, D. E.

A. Dreischuh, D. Neshev, D. E. Petersen, O. Bang, and W. Krolikowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pigier, C.

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prikhodko, O. O.

A. I. Yakimenko, V. M. Lashkin, and O. O. Prikhodko, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, J. J.

Rosanov, N. N.

N. N. Rosanov, S. V. Fedorov, and A. N. Shatsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 053903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rotschild, C.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saffman, M.

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sears, S.

M. Soljacic, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Soljacic and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 420 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Carmon, C. Anastassiou, S. Lan, D. Kip, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and D. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 25, 1113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, A. M.

V. A. Mironov, A. M. Sergeev, and E. M. Sher, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 26, 861 (1981).

I. A. Kolchugina, V. A. Mironov, and A. M. Sergeev, JETP Lett. 31, 304 (1980).

Shatsev, A. N.

N. N. Rosanov, S. V. Fedorov, and A. N. Shatsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 053903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sher, E. M.

V. A. Mironov, A. M. Sergeev, and E. M. Sher, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 26, 861 (1981).

Skupin, S.

Soljacic, M.

M. Soljacic and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 420 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Soljacic, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

Z. Xu, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 30, 3171 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, L.-C. Crasovan, D. Mihalache, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 273902 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, Theor. Math. Phys. 64, 797 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Uzdin, R.

T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, C. Pigier, Z. H. Musslimani, M. Segev, and A. Nepomnyashchy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weilnau, C.

W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, C. Weilnau, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, Y. S. Kivshar, C. Denz, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1424 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wyller, J.

O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Wyller, and J. J. Rasmussen, Phys. Rev. E 66, 046619 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Yakimenko, A. I.

A. I. Yakimenko, V. M. Lashkin, and O. O. Prikhodko, Phys. Rev. E 73, 066605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zozulya, A. A.

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, V. K. Mezentsev, D. Z. Anderson, and M. Saffman, Phys. Rev. A 56, R1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental and theoretical observations of complex scalar solitons in the form of, a, b, dipole solitons; c, d, tri-pole solitons; e, f, quadrupole solitons; g, h, necklace solitons. Left-hand columns, input beams; central columns, output beams after linear diffraction broadening for 84 mm of propagation; right-hand columns, high-power self-trapped output beams after the same distance.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Propagation dynamics of slightly perturbed dipole-mode solitons with (a) b = 3 and (b) b = 12 .

Equations (2)

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i q ξ = 1 2 ( 2 q η 2 + 2 q ζ 2 ) n q ,
2 n η 2 + 2 n ζ 2 = q 2 .

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