Abstract

We have successfully demonstrated intensity enhancement of a single high-order harmonic at a wavelength of 46.76nm by using low-ionized tin ions in a laser-ablation plume as the nonlinear medium. The ablation plume was produced by irradiating a solid tin target with a 10mJ energy picosecond laser pulse. Strong 17th-harmonic generation at a wavelength of 46.76nm was observed with a conversion efficiency of about 104. We attribute the strong enhancement of the single high-order harmonic to multiphoton resonance with a strong radiative transition of the SnII ion.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. B. Gaarade and K. J. Schafer, Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. T. Venereie, V. J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, J. Phys. B 34, 3171 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Venereie, V. J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. B. Gaarade and K. J. Schafer, Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, J. Phys. B 34, 3171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, Ph.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Auge, F.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, D. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Costello, J. T.

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D'Arcy, R.

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de. Bohan, A

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, Ch.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Douillet, D.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duffy, G.

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, J. Phys. B 34, 3171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dunne, P.

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, J. Phys. B 34, 3171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaarade, M. B.

M. B. Gaarade and K. J. Schafer, Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garzella, D.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hulin, D.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huller, H. G.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Itatani, J.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazamias, S.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. M.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. T.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kopold, R.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maquet, A.

R. T. Venereie, V. J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McGuinnes, C.

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mevel, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murname, M. M.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

Nagata, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nam, C. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O'Sullivan, G.

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Park, J. Y.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rost, J. M.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarade and K. J. Schafer, Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sebban, S.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, E.

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toma, E. S.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Valentin, C.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Kampen, P.

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, J. Phys. B 34, 3171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Venereie, R. T.

R. T. Venereie, V. J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wassaf, V. J.

R. T. Venereie, V. J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weihe, F.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (3)

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, J. Phys. B 34, 3171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O'Sullivan, J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

M. B. Gaarade and K. J. Schafer, Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Venereie, V. J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Auge, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

HHG spectra from (a) tin and (b) vanadium laser ablation irradiated by a femtosecond laser pulse. The ordinate of spectrum (b) is increased 1000 times. The strong 17th-order harmonic at the wavelength of 46.76 nm was obtained by using tin laser ablation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Seventeenth-order harmonic at the wavelength of 46.76 nm as a function of the quarter-wave plate rotation. The position of linear polarization is zero. Changing the rotation changes the laser polarization from linear to circular.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

HHG spectra from tin laser ablation for a pump laser with central wavelength of (a) 795, (b) 782, and (c) 778 nm . The ordinates of spectra (b) and (c) are increased 6 times. The intensity of the 17th harmonic gradually decreased as the central wavelength of the laser became shorter.

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