Abstract

The seamless transition between microscale photonics and nanoscale plasmonics requires overpassing different waveguiding mechanisms and a few orders of magnitude in the lateral dimension. Exploiting gap plasmon–polariton waves both at the microscale and nanoscale with an ultrashort (few micrometers) non adiabatic tapered gap plasmon waveguide, we show theoretically that very high-power transfer efficiency (70%) is achieved. The same mechanism may be used to harvest impinging light waves and direct them into a nanhole or slit to exhibit an anomalous transmission without the conventional periodic structures. The interplay of plasmonic and oscillating modes is analyzed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Breukelaar, R. Charbonneau, and P. Berini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991

B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1974

1969

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Arbel, D.

P. Ginzburg, D. Arbel, and M. Orenstein, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications--IPRA 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper JWA6.

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baehr-Jones, T.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

I. Breukelaar, R. Charbonneau, and P. Berini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, E. Berolo, and E. Lisicka-Skrzek, Opt. Lett. 25, 844 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Berolo, E.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Breukelaar, I.

I. Breukelaar, R. Charbonneau, and P. Berini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

Burke, J. J.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Catrysse, P. B.

Charbonneau, R.

I. Breukelaar, R. Charbonneau, and P. Berini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, E. Berolo, and E. Lisicka-Skrzek, Opt. Lett. 25, 844 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ginzburg, P.

P. Ginzburg, D. Arbel, and M. Orenstein, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications--IPRA 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper JWA6.

Hochberg, M.

Kaminow, I. P.

Leosson, K.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lisicka-Skrzek, E.

Mammel, W. L.

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, A. D.

A. D. Oliver, Microwave Horns and Feeds (IEEE, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, M.

P. Ginzburg, D. Arbel, and M. Orenstein, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications--IPRA 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper JWA6.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Polman, A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988), Vol. 111.

Salakhutdinov, I.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Selker, M. D.

Stegeman, G. I.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tamir, T.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vinet, J. Y.

B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Walker, C.

Weber, H. P.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Breukelaar, R. Charbonneau, and P. Berini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nature

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

A. D. Oliver, Microwave Horns and Feeds (IEEE, 1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Ginzburg, D. Arbel, and M. Orenstein, in Integrated Photonics Research and Applications--IPRA 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper JWA6.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988), Vol. 111.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Real and (b) imaginary part of propagation constants of various modes versus the width of PGW. The inset shows the cutoff region of the asymmetric plasmon mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Tapered plasmon gap waveguide, a 1.25 μ m wide input dielectric waveguide, and a 50 nm output plasmon gap waveguide. (b)–(d) Magnetic field amplitude ( H y ) profiles at PGW input plane: (b) symmetric dielectric, (c) symmetric plasmon, (d) symmetric oscillating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) PGW input optimization—dielectric input mode coupling to the plasmon and oscillating modes versus input width. (b) Intermode coupling and evolution versus taper propagation distance for the forward plasmon and oscillating modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FDTD simulation result of the Poynting vector versus propagation along the tapered PGW coupler. (a) TM excitation with 70 % transmission. (b) TE excitation, no plasmon mode exists, oscillating mode is cut off and reflected.

Equations (3)

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plasmon : t g h ( k p d ) = ( k m ϵ m ) ( k p ϵ d ) ,
oscillating : t g ( k O d ) = ( k m ϵ m ) ( k O ϵ d ) ,
C i , j L , R = ϵ i L h j R = z = 0 ϵ i L × h j R d x ,

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