Abstract

We report the design, fabrication and characterization of novel dichroic mirrors embedded in a tightly confining AlGaAsAlxOy waveguide. Reflection at the first-harmonic wavelength as high as 93% is achieved, while high transmission is maintained at the second-harmonic wavelength. The measured cavity spectrum is in excellent agreement with finite-difference time-domain simulations. Such a mirror is essential for achieving resonant enhancement of second-harmonic generation.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P. T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 25, 554 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kondo and I. Shoji, in Photonics Based on Wavelength Integration and Manipulation, IPAP Books 2, K.Tada, T.Suhara, K.Kikuchi, K.Kokubun, K.Utaka, M.Asada, F.Koyama, and T.Arakawa, eds. (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2005), p. 151.
  3. D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Skauli, K. L. Vodopyanov, T. J. Pinguet, A. Schober, O. Levi, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and G. Arisholm, Opt. Lett. 27, 628 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Yu, L. Scaccabarozzi, J. S. Harris, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 13, 10742 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  9. S. V. Rao, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 569 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.
  11. P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. S. Bethune, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 910 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Rao, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P. T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 25, 554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Absil, P. P.

Antoniades, N.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

Artigas, D.

D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Becouarn, L.

Berger, V.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bethune, D. S.

Bhat, R.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bravetti, P.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P. S.

Delobel, L.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

S. V. Rao, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eyres, L. A.

Fan, S.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

X. Yu, L. Scaccabarozzi, J. S. Harris, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 13, 10742 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Skauli, K. L. Vodopyanov, T. J. Pinguet, A. Schober, O. Levi, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and G. Arisholm, Opt. Lett. 27, 628 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

Fiore, A.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, B.

Gokhale, M. R.

P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

X. Yu, L. Scaccabarozzi, J. S. Harris, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 13, 10742 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Skauli, K. L. Vodopyanov, T. J. Pinguet, A. Schober, O. Levi, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and G. Arisholm, Opt. Lett. 27, 628 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Ho, P. T.

Hryniewicz, J. V.

Huo, Y.

L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Janz, S.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joneckis, L. G.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo and I. Shoji, in Photonics Based on Wavelength Integration and Manipulation, IPAP Books 2, K.Tada, T.Suhara, K.Kikuchi, K.Kokubun, K.Utaka, M.Asada, F.Koyama, and T.Arakawa, eds. (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2005), p. 151.

Koza, M. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, P. S.

Lallier, E.

Levi, O.

Little, B. E.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moutzouris, K.

S. V. Rao, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nagle, J.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pinguet, T. J.

Povinelli, M. L.

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

Rafailov, E. U.

D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rajhel, A.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rao, S. V.

S. V. Rao, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rosencher, E.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scaccabarozzi, L.

X. Yu, L. Scaccabarozzi, J. S. Harris, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 13, 10742 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Schober, A.

Shoji, I.

T. Kondo and I. Shoji, in Photonics Based on Wavelength Integration and Manipulation, IPAP Books 2, K.Tada, T.Suhara, K.Kikuchi, K.Kokubun, K.Utaka, M.Asada, F.Koyama, and T.Arakawa, eds. (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2005), p. 151.

Sibbett, W.

D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skauli, T.

Studenkov, P. V.

P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van der Meer, P.

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wilson, R. A.

Xia, F.

P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

X. Yu, L. Scaccabarozzi, J. S. Harris, P. S. Kuo, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Express 13, 10742 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

L. Scaccabarozzi, Y. Huo, X. Yu, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Fiore, S. Janz, L. Delobel, P. van der Meer, P. Bravetti, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Artigas, E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. V. Studenkov, F. Xia, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 468 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. V. Rao, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. Kondo and I. Shoji, in Photonics Based on Wavelength Integration and Manipulation, IPAP Books 2, K.Tada, T.Suhara, K.Kikuchi, K.Kokubun, K.Utaka, M.Asada, F.Koyama, and T.Arakawa, eds. (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2005), p. 151.

L. Scaccabarozzi, X. Yu, M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, M. M. Fejer, and J. S. Harris, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, postdeadline session (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CPDA10.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Reflection (thin blue curve) at the FH wavelength and transmission (thick red curve) at the SH wavelength for a typical DBR mirror. (b) Schematic of band diagram for a distributed Bragg reflector mirror in a waveguide. The FH ( ω 0 ) and SH ( 2 ω 0 ) frequencies are shown. The shaded area is the radiation modes region. (c) FH reflection (thin blue) and SH transmission (thick red) for a 30-pair external mirror design. (d) FH transmission (thin blue) and loss (thick red) for our mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity profile of (a) TE FH and (b) TM SH inside the mirror tooth. The light gray regions are Al x O y ; the darker (pink) regions are AlGaAs .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM micrograph of the mirror at the end of the fabrication process.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Example of experimental (solid gray or blue curve) and fitted maximum (dashed black or red curve) and minimum (solid black or red curve) transmission spectra of a cavity. Fitting of fringes and cavity modes are not displayed for clarity. (b) Example of SH generated by a cavity (black or red) and by a plain waveguide of the same length (gray or blue).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P 2 ω - out P ω - in 2 cav = P SP Γ ω T 2 ω exp ( α 2 ω L B ) ,
P 2 ω - out P ω - in 2 w g = P SP exp ( α 2 ω L B ) .

Metrics