Abstract

The pulse timing of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser was stabilized to a reference pulse train from a Cr:forsterite mode-locked laser by all-optical passive synchronization scheme. The reference pulses were injected into a ring cavity of the fiber laser by using a 1.31.5μm wavelength-division multiplexer. The spectral shift induced by cross-phase modulation between copropagating two-color pulses realizes self-synchronization due to intracavity group-delay dispersion. The rms integration of timing jitter between the fiber laser pulse and the reference pulse was 3.7fs in a Fourier frequency range from 1Hzto100kHz.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
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C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
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S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
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Chandalia, J.

Cundiff, S. T.

Curtis, E. A.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

K. Kim, B. R. Washborn, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, N. R. Newbury, S. A. Diddams, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, Opt. Lett. 30, 932 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drullinger, R. E.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggert, M.

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

Fermann, M. E.

Foreman, S. M.

Fürst, C.

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, Opt. Lett. 20, 916 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorsche, G.

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

Haberl, F.

Henningsen, J.

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

Herda, R.

Higashi, R.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, Nature 435, 321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, M.

Hollberg, L.

K. Kim, B. R. Washborn, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, N. R. Newbury, S. A. Diddams, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, Opt. Lett. 30, 932 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holman, K. W.

Hong, F.-L.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, Nature 435, 321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hudson, D. D.

Humphreys, D. A.

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

Ippen, E. P.

Itano, W. M.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itatani, T.

Ivanov, E. N.

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Kakehata, M.

Katori, H.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, Nature 435, 321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

Kobayashi, K.

Kobayashi, Y.

Lach, E.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Laubereau, A.

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, Opt. Lett. 20, 916 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, W. D.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, Opt. Lett. 20, 916 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leppla, R.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Nakagawa, T.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Notcutt, M.

Oates, C. W.

K. Kim, B. R. Washborn, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, N. R. Newbury, S. A. Diddams, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, Opt. Lett. 30, 932 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ober, M. H.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Petersen, J. C.

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

Rusu, M.

Sartorius, B.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Schmidt, A. J.

Schmidt, M.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Skipper, B.

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

Slovak, J.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Sugaya, T.

Takada, H.

Takamoto, M.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, Nature 435, 321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tekin, T.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Torizuka, K.

Udem, Th.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, K. R.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vorbeck, S.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

Washborn, B. R.

Wei, Z.

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B 74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 26, 1806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilpers, G.

Wineland, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshitomi, D.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B 74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, Nature 435, 321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (12)

Science (1)

S. A. Diddams, Th. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, Science 293, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. Gorsche, M. Eggert, D. A. Humphreys, C. Campbell, J. C. Petersen, J. Henningsen, and B. Skipper, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuH4.

J. Slovak, T. Tekin, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Vorbeck, and R. Leppla, in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 917.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. EDF, Er-doped fiber; WDMs, wavelegth-division multiplexers; PCs, polarization controllers; Pol’s, polarizers; LD, laser diode; SMF, single-mode fiber; DSF, dispersion shifted fiber; OC, output coupler; Ls, lenses; HM, half mirror; OAP, off-axis parabolic mirror; IF, interference filter; PMT, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Synchronized pulse trains of the CrF laser (top) and the fiber laser (bottom) in (a) fundamental mode and (b) harmonic mode. The oscilloscope was triggered by the fiber laser pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Repetition rates of CrF (red diamonds) and fiber (blue squares) lasers versus end mirror position of the CrF laser in (a) fundamental mode and (b) harmonic mode. In (a), twice the repetition rate of the fiber laser is plotted. The mirror was displaced to both directions from the center position as indicated by the arrows.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Spectra of CrF laser with different conditions of repetition rates (cavity lengths of CrF) during synchronization. The numbers (in hertz) in the legend represent the relative changes in the repetition rate.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Power spectral density of the jitter (curve a, green or gray) and the noise floor of the detection system (curve b, blue or black), and integrated rms jitter from 1 Hz (blue or black solid curve) and 100 Hz (red or black dotted curve).

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