Abstract

We present experimental demonstration of an end-pumping scheme based on splicing the multimode pump and single-mode signal fibers directly to a double-clad fiber with a tailored cross section. The method is used to pump a double-clad, erbium- and ytterbium-doped, fiber ring laser. The efficiency of the end-pumping method is tested by determining the slope efficiencies of the fiber ring laser and the fiber laser in a Fabry–Perot configuration. Comparable slope efficiencies are found when both laser configurations have similar output coupler ratios. The developed pumping scheme and double-clad fiber can find applications in cost-effective power fiber amplifiers and lasers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. P. Gapontsev and I. Samartsev, U.S. patent 5,999,673 (December 7, 1999).
  2. D. J. DiGiovanni and A. J. Stentz, U.S. Patent 5,864,644 (January 26, 1999).
  3. L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. Kliner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. J. Larsen and G. Vienne, Opt. Lett. 29, 436 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.
  8. P. Peterka, V. Matejec, and I. Kasik, Czech patent application PV 2005-227 (April 12, 2005).
  9. P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.
  10. V. Doya, O. Legrand, and F. Mortessagne, Opt. Lett. 26, 872 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Karasek and J. Kanka, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 133 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. R. Morkel, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Vol. 17 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1992), p. 206.

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. Kliner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Doya, O. Legrand, and F. Mortessagne, Opt. Lett. 26, 872 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Karasek and J. Kanka, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Berthou, H.

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

Clarkson, W. A.

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

D. J. DiGiovanni and A. J. Stentz, U.S. Patent 5,864,644 (January 26, 1999).

Dong, L.

Doya, V.

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Doya, O. Legrand, and F. Mortessagne, Opt. Lett. 26, 872 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Février, S.

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev and I. Samartsev, U.S. patent 5,999,673 (December 7, 1999).

Goldberg, L.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

Honzatko, P.

I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.

Kanka, J.

M. Karasek and J. Kanka, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

M. Karasek and J. Kanka, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kasik, I.

I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterka, V. Matejec, and I. Kasik, Czech patent application PV 2005-227 (April 12, 2005).

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.

Kliner, D. A.

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. Kliner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. Kliner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kotrotsios, G.

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, J. J.

Legrand, O.

Leproux, P.

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luthy, W.

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Matejec, V.

I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterka, V. Matejec, and I. Kasik, Czech patent application PV 2005-227 (April 12, 2005).

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.

Minelly, J. D.

Moore, S. W.

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. Kliner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Vol. 17 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1992), p. 206.

Mortessagne, F.

Neuman, V.

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

Pagnoux, D.

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

Peterka, P.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.

P. Peterka, V. Matejec, and I. Kasik, Czech patent application PV 2005-227 (April 12, 2005).

Renaud, C. C.

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

Roy, P.

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Samartsev, I.

V. P. Gapontsev and I. Samartsev, U.S. patent 5,999,673 (December 7, 1999).

Slanicka, J.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.

Stentz, A. J.

D. J. DiGiovanni and A. J. Stentz, U.S. Patent 5,864,644 (January 26, 1999).

Turner, P. W.

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

Vienne, G.

Vienne, G. G.

Weber, H. P.

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weber, T.

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

M. Karasek and J. Kanka, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. Kliner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Weber, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. Neuman, H. Berthou, and G. Kotrotsios, Opt. Commun. 115, 99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Doya, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 324 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

I. Kasik, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, and P. Honzatko, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 457 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

V. P. Gapontsev and I. Samartsev, U.S. patent 5,999,673 (December 7, 1999).

D. J. DiGiovanni and A. J. Stentz, U.S. Patent 5,864,644 (January 26, 1999).

A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, C. C. Renaud, W. A. Clarkson, and D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CPD26.

P. Peterka, V. Matejec, and I. Kasik, Czech patent application PV 2005-227 (April 12, 2005).

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, V. Matejec, P. Honzatko, and J. Slanicka, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ME4.

P. R. Morkel, in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Vol. 17 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1992), p. 206.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the end-pumping method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Practical realization of the DC fiber preform. (b) Microphotograph of the cleaved DC fiber end.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup of the fiber ring laser. The DC fiber is pigtailed in accordance with Fig. 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Characteristics of the Er Yb fiber ring laser. (a) Laser output for various output coupler ratios. (b) Laser output versus laser wavelength set by the tunable filter.

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