Abstract

A simple method for coupling between a single-core single-mode fiber and a multicore single-mode fiber is proposed and demonstrated. An effective coupling approach is based on a process of standard splicing and tapering between the single-core single-mode fiber and the multicore single-mode fiber.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21(19), 1547 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Inao, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (IWCS,1979), pp. 370-384.
  5. G. Le Noane, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (IWCS, 1994), pp. 203-209.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, and E. Goyat, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 54 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. WDD92/1-WDD92/3.
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    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. El Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (Optical Society of America, 1984). pp. 58-60.
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    [CrossRef]
  13. W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, and J. S. Barton, in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.
  14. M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Mafi and J. V. Moloney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 897 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, Opt. Lett. 28, 387 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

M. Fokine, L. E. Nilsson, A. Claesson, D. Berlemont, L. Kjellberg, L. Krummenacher, and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 27, 1643 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega and L. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 991 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

C. Youngchul, and D. Nadr, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Anne, C.

Arkwright, J. W.

Atkin, D. M.

Barton, J. S.

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, Opt. Lett. 28, 387 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, and J. S. Barton, in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Berlemont, D.

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21(19), 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanchard, P. M.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnett, J. G.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Hobar, 1987), 185-188.

Claesson, A.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davey, S. T.

Dong, L.

B. Ortega and L. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 991 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Dunphy, J. R.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. El Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (Optical Society of America, 1984). pp. 58-60.

El Leil Abou, M. M.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. El Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (Optical Society of America, 1984). pp. 58-60.

Elkin, N. N.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, N.

Fischer, D.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Flockhart, G. M. H.

Fokine, M.

Galliot, E. A. C.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gander, M. J.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glas, P.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Pavon, L. C.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goyat, E.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, and E. Goyat, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 54 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. WDD92/1-WDD92/3.

Greenaway, A. H.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayer, M.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Honzatko, P.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inao, S.

S. Inao, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (IWCS,1979), pp. 370-384.

Inci, M. N.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Iturbe Castillo, M. D.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, P.

Jones, J. D.

Jones, J. D. C.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kanka, J.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kasik, I.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kjellberg, L.

Knight, J. C.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21(19), 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krummenacher, L.

Le Noane, G.

G. Le Noane, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (IWCS, 1994), pp. 203-209.

Leitner, M.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

S. B. Poole and J. D. Love, Electron. Lett. 27, 1559 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lui, F.

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Hobar, 1987), 185-188.

Luis-Ramos, A.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

MacPherson, W. N.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and J. D. Jones, Opt. Lett. 28, 387 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, and J. S. Barton, in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Macrae, D.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mafi, A.

Mangan, B. J.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margulis, W.

Marti-Panameno, M.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matejec, V.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McBride, R.

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mechin, D.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, and E. Goyat, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 54 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. WDD92/1-WDD92/3.

Meltz, G.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. El Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (Optical Society of America, 1984). pp. 58-60.

Mendez-Otero, M. M.

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

Nadr, D.

C. Youngchul, and D. Nadr, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Napartovich, A. P.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Naumann, M.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nayar, B. K.

Nilsson, L. E.

Ortega, B.

B. Ortega and L. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 991 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, Th.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peterka, P.

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

S. B. Poole and J. D. Love, Electron. Lett. 27, 1559 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21(19), 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schirrmacher, A.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Silva-Lopez, M.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, and J. S. Barton, in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

Snitzer, E.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. El Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (Optical Society of America, 1984). pp. 58-60.

Troshchieva, V. N.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vallee, R.

Vysotsky, D. V.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. L.

Wrage, M.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Youngchul, C.

C. Youngchul, and D. Nadr, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yvernault, P.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, and E. Goyat, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 54 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. WDD92/1-WDD92/3.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. B. Poole and J. D. Love, Electron. Lett. 27, 1559 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Youngchul, and D. Nadr, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1335 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Ortega and L. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 991 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterka, I. Kasik, J. Kanka, P. Honzatko, V. Matejec, and M. Hayer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (5)

M. J. Gander, D. Macrae, E. A. C. Galliot, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, and M. N. Inci, Opt. Commun. 182, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Marti-Panameno, L. C. Gomez-Pavon, A. Luis-Ramos, M. M. Mendez-Otero, and M. D. Iturbe Castillo, Opt. Commun. 194, 409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 223, 375 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

S. Inao, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (IWCS,1979), pp. 370-384.

G. Le Noane, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (IWCS, 1994), pp. 203-209.

P. Yvernault, D. Mechin, and E. Goyat, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 54 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. WDD92/1-WDD92/3.

J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, M. M. El Leil Abou, and E. Snitzer, in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (Optical Society of America, 1984). pp. 58-60.

F. Lui and P. L. Chu, in Proceedings of the 13th Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Technology (Hobar, 1987), 185-188.

W. N. MacPherson, M. Silva-Lopez, and J. S. Barton, in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (SPIE, 2005), pp. 274-277.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of multicore single-mode fibers: (a) two-core fiber, (b) three-core fiber, (c) four-core fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Experimental setup for monitoring the power coupling processing in each core of the multicore fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Fusion-splicing and tapered coupling scheme for coupling single-core single-mode fiber to two-core single-mode fiber: (a) aligned and butted; (b) after splicing at the joint and then heating and drawing at the splice point; (c) optical power from the single core coupled to the multicore fiber via the tapered zone.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Power transfer simulation results from one-core fiber coupled to two-core fiber by the beam propagation method: (a) transfer process; (b) power kept inside the core.

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