Abstract

We report a novel method that utilizes two lowest-order modes, HE11 and TE01, to probe birefringence induced in a bent circular-core optical fiber. The interference patterns of the two modes are examined by using a polarizer at the fiber output end. The contrast that is extracted from the interference pattern is periodically modulated as a function of phase retardation between the two modes, while the shift of the contrast function shows a strong dependence on the fiber birefringence as the polarizer rotates. Theoretical description followed by the test results demonstrates the feasibility of the method.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2004 (1)

2002 (1)

L.-S. Yan, Q. Yu, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

S.-Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, and B. Y. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1986 (1)

C. S. Brown and F. T. Stone, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 30 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

G. W. Day, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. Ramskov-Hansen, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 56 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1980 (2)

Ayala, J. M. E.

Barlow, A. J.

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[CrossRef]

Blake, J.

Blake, J. N.

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[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Carneiro, S. R. M.

Carrara, S. L. A.

Carter, A. L. G.

Castro, F. A.

Chen, T.-J.

Covington, C. E.

Day, G. W.

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[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

Escamilla, B. I.

Haus, J. W.

Huang, S. Y.

Huang, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, and B. Y. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. K.

Kikuchi, K.

Kim, B. K.

Kim, B. Y.

Kuzin, E. A.

Lefevre, H. C.

H. C. Lefevre, Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lisboa, O.

Okoshi, T.

Payne, D. N.

G. W. Day, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. Ramskov-Hansen, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 56 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ramskov-Hansen, J. J.

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[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

Seikai, S.

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Stone, F. T.

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[CrossRef]

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Xie, Y.

L.-S. Yan, Q. Yu, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.-S.

L.-S. Yan, Q. Yu, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

Yu, Q.

L.-S. Yan, Q. Yu, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. C. Lefevre, Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L.-S. Yan, Q. Yu, Y. Xie, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

C. S. Brown and F. T. Stone, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 30 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Day, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. Ramskov-Hansen, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 56 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Huang, J. N. Blake, and B. Y. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (11)

Other (1)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for the measurement of bending-induced birefringence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interference pattern of the HE 11 and TE 01 modes used to detect the phase difference carried by the elliptically polarized HE 11 mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time variation of electric field magnitude E of an elliptically polarized light after passing a polarizer with its rotation angle set at θ 1 and θ 2 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement of contrast ratio C versus temperature T with the polarizer’s rotation angle θ = 0 ° , 10°, 22°.

Equations (3)

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[ cos 2 ( θ ) sin ( θ ) cos ( θ ) sin ( θ ) cos ( θ ) sin 2 ( θ ) ] [ A x A y e i φ ] = A ( θ ) e i α ( θ ) [ cos ( θ ) sin ( θ ) ] ,
α ( θ ) = tan 1 a sin ( φ ) sin ( θ ) a cos ( φ ) sin ( θ ) + cos ( θ )
C I q I q I q + I q cos [ α ( θ ) + Δ Φ ] .

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