Abstract

We designed a planar-waveguide quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic-generation device, which consists of a Y-cut periodically poled 5mol.% MgO-doped LiNbO3 core and SiO2 claddings, that provided a 1.08W green light with 30% conversion efficiency by using a 7mmlong sample at room temperature. The highest conversion efficiency of 49% at 0.88W second-harmonic generation was attained by using an 18mm long device.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. G. Zhong, J. Jian, and Z. K. Wu, in Proceedings of the 11th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1980), p. 631.
  3. N. Pavel, I. Shoji, T. Taira, K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 29, 830 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Kats, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1775 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 24, 1590 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

B. Agate, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, S. M. Saltiel, P. Battle, T. Fry, and E. Noonan, Opt. Lett. 28, 1963 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1997 (3)

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abernethy, J. A.

Agate, B.

Alexandrovski, A.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, l998), p. 75.

Alwahabi, Z. T.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bamford, D. J.

D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
[CrossRef]

Batchko, R. G.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, l998), p. 75.

Battle, P.

Bihlmann, G.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, l998), p. 75.

Chandler, P. J.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cook, D. J.

D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

M. Kats, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, l998), p. 75.

Fluck, D.

D. Fluck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Foulon, G.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fry, T.

Furukawa, Y.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gawith, C. B. E.

Hanna, D. H.

Hatori, M.

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hum, D. S.

Imaeda, M.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jian, J.

G. G. Zhong, J. Jian, and Z. K. Wu, in Proceedings of the 11th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1980), p. 631.

Kats, M.

Kaufel, G.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kelemen, M. T.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitaoka, Y.

Kurimura, S.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R.

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C. A.

D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
[CrossRef]

Louchev, O. A.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Major, J.

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McCaffery, A. J.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mehuys, D.

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikulla, M.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miller, G. D.

M. Kats, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, l998), p. 75.

Mizuuchi, K.

Morikawa, A.

Moritz, R.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noonan, E.

O'Brien, S.

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Parke, R.

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

N. Pavel, I. Shoji, T. Taira, K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 29, 830 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pityana, S. L.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

Ross, G. W.

Route, R. K.

M. Kats, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

Sharpe, S. J.

D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Shoji, I.

N. Pavel, I. Shoji, T. Taira, K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 29, 830 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Smith, P. G. R.

Sonoda, S.

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, T.

Taira, T.

N. Pavel, I. Shoji, T. Taira, K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 29, 830 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tracy, A.

D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
[CrossRef]

Tsuruma, I.

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tulloch, W. M.

Weber, J.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weimann, G.

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weise, D. R.

Welch, D. F.

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z. K.

G. G. Zhong, J. Jian, and Z. K. Wu, in Proceedings of the 11th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1980), p. 631.

Yamaguchi, S.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

Yoshino, T.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, G. G.

G. G. Zhong, J. Jian, and Z. K. Wu, in Proceedings of the 11th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1980), p. 631.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. T. Kelemen, J. Weber, G. Kaufel, G. Bihlmann, R. Moritz, M. Mikulla, and G. Weimann, Electron. Lett. 41, 1011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Fluck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. O'Brien, R. Lang, R. Parke, J. Major, D. F. Welch, and D. Mehuys, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahabi, S. L. Pityana, and A. J. McCaffery, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (3)

G. G. Zhong, J. Jian, and Z. K. Wu, in Proceedings of the 11th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1980), p. 631.

D. J. Bamford, S. J. Sharpe, D. J. Cook, A. Tracy, and C. A. Lopez, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2005), p. 2269.
[CrossRef]

R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, l998), p. 75.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Planar-waveguide Y-cut PPMgLN QPM-SHG device structure, whose pure crystal core is 3 μ m in thickness ( t ) and 6 mm to 18 mm in length ( L ) , where the ferroelectric-domain-inverted area is 150 μ m in width ( W ) with 5 ° off-cut angle ( θ ) .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement setup, where the fundamental Gaussian beam (solid curve) focused to spot size ( ω 0 ) of 44 μ m at the position ( z 0 ) in the vicinity of the waveguide facet, and the spot size of the second-harmonic Gaussian beam (broken curve) was 2 0.5 times ω 0 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SHG power versus fundamental-wave power by using the 6, (open circles), 7, (filled circles), and 18 mm long (filled squares) samples, with the corresponding calculations (broken, solid, and dash-dotted curves, respectively).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized conversion efficiency versus temperature difference from the optimum phase-matching temperature using the 7 (filled circles), and 18 mm long (filled squares) samples at fundamental-wave input of 50 mW , with the corresponding calculations (solid and dash-dotted curves, respectively).

Equations (1)

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η = tanh 2 ( η ¯ P ω ) ,

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