Abstract

We have observed the compensation of loss in a metal by a gain in a dielectric medium in the mixture of an Ag aggregate and a Rhodamine 6G dye. The demonstrated sixfold enhancement of the Rayleigh scattering is the evidence of the enhancement of the surface-plasmon resonance. The reported experimental observation facilitates many applications of nanoplasmonics.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. H. Ritchie, Surf. Sci. 34, 1 (1973).
  2. M. Moskovits, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783 (1985).
  3. M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Lett. 23, 1331 (1998).
  4. R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1824 (1999).
  5. M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356 (2000).
  6. J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).
  7. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995), Vol. 25.
  8. K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).
  9. M. Quinten, J. Cluster Sci. 10, 319 (1999).
  10. V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media: Fractal Composites and Metal-Dielectric Films, Vol. 158 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 2000).
  11. T. L. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. B 50, 14738 (1994).
  12. E. J. Sánchez, L. Novotny, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4014 (1999).
  13. M. I. Stockman, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 3, 27 (1989).
  14. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
  15. J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
    [PubMed]
  16. A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764 (1989).
  17. M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, and Y. Fainman, Opt. Express 12, 4072 (2004).
    [PubMed]
  18. I. Avrutsky, Phys. Rev. B 70, 155416 (2004).
  19. J. Seidel, S. Grafstroem, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
    [PubMed]
  20. N. M. Lawandy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5040 (2004).
  21. D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
    [PubMed]
  22. V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).
  23. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
  24. F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).
  25. M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.
  26. M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

2005

J. Seidel, S. Grafstroem, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

2004

V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).

N. M. Lawandy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5040 (2004).

I. Avrutsky, Phys. Rev. B 70, 155416 (2004).

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, and Y. Fainman, Opt. Express 12, 4072 (2004).
[PubMed]

2003

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[PubMed]

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

2002

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

2000

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356 (2000).

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[PubMed]

1999

E. J. Sánchez, L. Novotny, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4014 (1999).

M. Quinten, J. Cluster Sci. 10, 319 (1999).

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1824 (1999).

1998

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Lett. 23, 1331 (1998).

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

1997

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).

1994

T. L. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. B 50, 14738 (1994).

1989

M. I. Stockman, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 3, 27 (1989).

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764 (1989).

1985

M. Moskovits, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783 (1985).

1973

R. H. Ritchie, Surf. Sci. 34, 1 (1973).

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Adegoke, J.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Atwater, H. A.

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356 (2000).

Aussenegg, F. R.

Averitt, R. D.

Avrutsky, I.

I. Avrutsky, Phys. Rev. B 70, 155416 (2004).

Bahoura, M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Barbic, M.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

Bergman, D. J.

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356 (2000).

Buin, A. K.

V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Codrington, M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

Davison, C.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

Demkovich, P. A.

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764 (1989).

Diaz-Garcia, M. A.

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).

Drachev, V. P.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

Eng, L.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstroem, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

Ferrell, T. L.

T. L. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. B 50, 14738 (1994).

Ghaemi, H. F.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

Grafstroem, S.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstroem, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[PubMed]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

Halas, N. J.

Hartman, J. W.

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356 (2000).

Heeger, A. J.

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).

Hide, F.

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995), Vol. 25.

Krenn, J. R.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5040 (2004).

Leitner, A.

Lezec, H. J.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

Mock, J. J.

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

Moskovits, M.

M. Moskovits, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783 (1985).

Nakotte, H.

V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).

Nezhad, M. P.

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Novotny, L.

E. J. Sánchez, L. Novotny, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4014 (1999).

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[PubMed]

Pradhan, A. K.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

Quinten, M.

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, Surf. Sci. 34, 1 (1973).

Ritzo, B. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Sánchez, E. J.

E. J. Sánchez, L. Novotny, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4014 (1999).

Schultz, D. A.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

Schultz, S.

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

Schwartz, B. J.

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).

Seidel, J.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstroem, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media: Fractal Composites and Metal-Dielectric Films, Vol. 158 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 2000).

Small, C.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Smith, D. R.

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

Stockman, M. I.

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 3, 27 (1989).

Su, K.-H.

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

Sudarkin, A. N.

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764 (1989).

Tetz, K.

Thio, T.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

Vollmer, M.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995), Vol. 25.

Wei, Q.-H.

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

Westcott, S. L.

Xie, X. S.

E. J. Sánchez, L. Novotny, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4014 (1999).

Zhang, K.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

Zhang, X.

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

Zhu, G.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

Zolin, V. F.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. M. Lawandy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5040 (2004).

J. Chem. Phys.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6755 (2002).

J. Cluster Sci.

M. Quinten, J. Cluster Sci. 10, 319 (1999).

J. Mod. Opt.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, C. Davison, A. K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, M. Bahoura, M. Codrington, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, and V. F. Zolin, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2331 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nano Lett.

V. P. Drachev, A. K. Buin, H. Nakotte, and V. M. Shalaev, Nano Lett. 4, 1535 (2004).

K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Nano Lett. 3, 1087 (2003).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process.

M. I. Stockman, Optoelectron. Instrum. Data Process. 3, 27 (1989).

Phys. Rev. B

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).

I. Avrutsky, Phys. Rev. B 70, 155416 (2004).

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356 (2000).

T. L. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. B 50, 14738 (1994).

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. J. Sánchez, L. Novotny, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4014 (1999).

J. Seidel, S. Grafstroem, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[PubMed]

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

M. Moskovits, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783 (1985).

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys.

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764 (1989).

Surf. Sci.

R. H. Ritchie, Surf. Sci. 34, 1 (1973).

Synth. Met.

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 91, 35 (1997).

Other

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, V. M. Shalaev, V. P. Drachev, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. Small, and B. A. Ritzo, arxiv.org, physics/0601001 (December 31, 2005), http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0601/0601001.pdf.

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media: Fractal Composites and Metal-Dielectric Films, Vol. 158 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 2000).

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995), Vol. 25.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Intensity of the Rayleigh scattering as the function of the pumping energy, R6G, 2.1 × 10 5 M ; Ag aggregate, 8.7 × 10 13 cm 3 . Upper inset: Pump–probe experimental setup for the Rayleigh scattering measurements. Lower inset: 1, spectrum of scattered light and spontaneous emission; 2, spectrum of spontaneous emission only. The difference between the two spectra indicated by the arrow is plotted in the main frame.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γ = ( 2 π λ 0 ) [ p ( 1 p ) ] ε m n = ( 2 π n λ 0 ) ( Γ ω p ) [ p ( 1 p ) ] [ ε b + n 2 ( 1 p ) p ] 3 2 ,

Metrics