Abstract

Recordings of dynamic holograms with microsecond relaxation times under the action of nanosecond laser pulses are obtained in composites on the base of a novel class of liquid crystals (LCs) in ionic metal–alkanoates. Holographic parameters and relaxation characteristics are measured for doped lyotropic ionic LC, for sandwichlike cells (consisting of a dye layer and a layer of the lyotropic ionic LC), and for colored ionic smectic glasses. The structure of the materials is investigated by use of the small-angle x-ray technique. The mechanism of resonance nonlinearity in photosensitive centers and mechanisms of the grating erasure connected with a charge transport in the ionic conductive LC matrix are discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. I. Eichler, P. G. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986).
  2. H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. D. Kachkovskii, Russ. Chem. Rev. 66, 715 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).
  5. A. R. Ubbelohde, H. J. Michels, and J. J. Duruz, Nature 228, 48 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. T. Mirnaya, V. Prisyazhnyi, and V. Shcherbakov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 58, 1429 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).
  8. S. V. Serak, A. A. Kovalev, and A. V. Agashkov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 44 (2000) (in Russian).

2004

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

2000

S. V. Serak, A. A. Kovalev, and A. V. Agashkov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 44 (2000) (in Russian).

1997

A. D. Kachkovskii, Russ. Chem. Rev. 66, 715 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).

1989

D. T. Mirnaya, V. Prisyazhnyi, and V. Shcherbakov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 58, 1429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1970

A. R. Ubbelohde, H. J. Michels, and J. J. Duruz, Nature 228, 48 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Agashkov, A. V.

S. V. Serak, A. A. Kovalev, and A. V. Agashkov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 44 (2000) (in Russian).

Bogdanov, V. L.

V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).

Bugaychuk, S.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Duruz, J. J.

A. R. Ubbelohde, H. J. Michels, and J. J. Duruz, Nature 228, 48 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, M. I.

M. I. Eichler, P. G. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986).

Grebe, D.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P. G.

M. I. Eichler, P. G. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986).

Iljin, A. G.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishchenko, A.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Kachkovskii, A. D.

A. D. Kachkovskii, Russ. Chem. Rev. 66, 715 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Klimusheva, G.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Klimusheva, G. V.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koval'chuk, A.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Kovalev, A. A.

S. V. Serak, A. A. Kovalev, and A. V. Agashkov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 44 (2000) (in Russian).

Kulja, S. V.

V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).

Macdonald, R.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Michels, H. J.

A. R. Ubbelohde, H. J. Michels, and J. J. Duruz, Nature 228, 48 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Mirnaya, D. T.

D. T. Mirnaya, V. Prisyazhnyi, and V. Shcherbakov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 58, 1429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mirnaya, T.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Pohl, D. W.

M. I. Eichler, P. G. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986).

Prisyazhnyi, V.

D. T. Mirnaya, V. Prisyazhnyi, and V. Shcherbakov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 58, 1429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sadovenko, A.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Serak, S. V.

S. V. Serak, A. A. Kovalev, and A. V. Agashkov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 44 (2000) (in Russian).

Shcherbakov, V.

D. T. Mirnaya, V. Prisyazhnyi, and V. Shcherbakov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 58, 1429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Spiro, A. S.

V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).

Ubbelohde, A. R.

A. R. Ubbelohde, H. J. Michels, and J. J. Duruz, Nature 228, 48 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Viktorova, E. N.

V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).

Zagainova, L. I.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

V. L. Bogdanov, E. N. Viktorova, S. V. Kulja, and A. S. Spiro, JETP Lett. 53, 100 (1991) (in Russian).

Nature

A. R. Ubbelohde, H. J. Michels, and J. J. Duruz, Nature 228, 48 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, A. G. Iljin, G. V. Klimusheva, and L. I. Zagainova, Opt. Mater. 2, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opto-Electron. Rev.

G. Klimusheva, A. Koval'chuk, A. Sadovenko, S. Bugaychuk, T. Mirnaya, and A. Ishchenko, Opto-Electron. Rev. 12, 181 (2004).

Russ. Chem. Rev.

A. D. Kachkovskii, Russ. Chem. Rev. 66, 715 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Mirnaya, V. Prisyazhnyi, and V. Shcherbakov, Russ. Chem. Rev. 58, 1429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Tekh. Fiz.

S. V. Serak, A. A. Kovalev, and A. V. Agashkov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 44 (2000) (in Russian).

Other

M. I. Eichler, P. G. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Changes of optical density versus energy density in one laser pulse in a sandwichlike cell with anion dye.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured energy density of the first diffracted order of self-diffraction versus energy density in one laser pulse in (a) a sandwichlike cell with anion dye, (b) with cation dye, and (c) in a cell of Co-decanoate ISG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Kinetics of the probe beam intensity in the first diffracted order for a sandwichlike cell with cation dye.

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