Abstract

The design, fabrication, and characterization of an electrically injected quantum-dot photonic crystal microcavity light source are described. The optical gain in the GaAsAlGaAs-based device is provided by self-organized InGaAs quantum dots with ground-state room-temperature emission at 1.1μm. The carriers are injected directly into the photonic crystal microcavity, which contains 50 dots, avoiding surface state recombination in the photonic crystal pattern. The spectral characteristics of a single-defect photonic crystal microcavity show a single 2nm broad microcavity resonance. The output power is of the order of a few tens of nanowatts.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005 (2)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Le Ru, P. Howe, T. S. Jones, and R. Murray, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (5)

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villenueve, and S. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Yokohama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benisty, H.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharya, P.

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dale, Y.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deppe, D.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villenueve, and S. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilchrist, A.

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Glancy, S.

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Happ, T. D.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houdre, R.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Howe, P.

E. C. Le Ru, P. Howe, T. S. Jones, and R. Murray, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huffaker, D.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villenueve, and S. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jones, T. S.

E. C. Le Ru, P. Howe, T. S. Jones, and R. Murray, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-B.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krishna, S.

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Ru, E. C.

E. C. Le Ru, P. Howe, T. S. Jones, and R. Murray, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maradudin, A. A.

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Munro, W. J.

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murray, R.

E. C. Le Ru, P. Howe, T. S. Jones, and R. Murray, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noda, S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oesterle, U.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, S.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelton, M.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plihal, M.

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ralph, T. C.

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reithmaier, J.-P.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabarinathan, J.

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Santori, C.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smit, C. J. M.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B.-S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steel, D. G.

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tartakovskii, I. I.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villenueve, P. R.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villenueve, and S. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisbuch, C.

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Yamamoto, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.-K.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Yokohama, H.

H. Yokohama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu, P.-C.

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Huffaker, and D. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Sabarinathan, P. Bhattacharya, P.-C. Yu, S. Krishna, J. Cheng, and D. G. Steel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3876 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Olivier, C. J. M. Smit, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 816 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Mater. (1)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villenueve, and S. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. C. Ralph, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Milburn, W. J. Munro, and S. Glancy, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042319/1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Le Ru, P. Howe, T. S. Jones, and R. Murray, Phys. Rev. B 67, 165303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303/1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representations of (a) a bottom-emitting PC QD device with the p-metal contact placed directly above the PC microcavity and (b) a device heterostructure grown by MBE.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SEM image of the fabricated device before passivation and p-metal deposition; (b) etched PC cross section.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) Infrared image of the output spot of a larger cavity H3 showing the light being emitted from the resonant cavity region. The biased device is illuminated from the top with a white-light source and the image is taken from the bottom by using a 100 × lens focused on the polished substrate. (b) Spectral characteristics of a H3 device showing multiple cavity resonances supported by the PC microcavity. A top SEM image of the cavity is shown in the inset.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Emission spectra of a single-defect cavity with a split dipole degeneracy showing an 2 nm broad microcavity resonance at 1063 nm . (b) Light–current characteristics of a modified H1 single-defect microcavity.

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