Abstract

We demonstrate a laser system consisting of a >1.6Wtitanium:sapphire laser that is phase locked to another free-running titanium:sapphire laser at a wavelength of 852 nm with a phase noise of 138dBcHz at 1 MHz from the carrier, using an intracavity electro-optic phase modulator. The residual phase variance is 2.5×108rad2 integrated from 1 Hz to 10 kHz. This system can phase-continuously change the offset frequency within 200 ns with frequency steps up to 4 MHz. Simultaneous atom interferometers can make full use of this ultralow phase noise in differential measurements, where influences from the vibration of optics are greatly suppressed in common mode.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (1)

H. Müller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 084701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (6)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chu, Nature 416, 206 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gupta, K. Dieckmann, Z. Hadzibabic, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 140401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Wicht, J. M. Hensley, E. Sarajlic, and S. Chu, Phys. Scr. T 102, 82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Foster, J. B. Fixler, J. M. McGuirk, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 27, 951 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1996 (2)

Binnewies, T.

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouyer, P.

Braxmaier, C.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brenton, Y.

Y. Brenton, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, in Atom Interferometry, P.R.Berman, ed. (Academic, 1997), pp. 363-406.

Chu, S.

S. Chu, Nature 416, 206 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Wicht, J. M. Hensley, E. Sarajlic, and S. Chu, Phys. Scr. T 102, 82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Brenton, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, in Atom Interferometry, P.R.Berman, ed. (Academic, 1997), pp. 363-406.

Degenhardt, C.

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dieckmann, K.

S. Gupta, K. Dieckmann, Z. Hadzibabic, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 140401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fixler, J. B.

Foster, G. T.

Gupta, S.

S. Gupta, K. Dieckmann, Z. Hadzibabic, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 140401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustavson, T. L.

Hadzibabic, Z.

S. Gupta, K. Dieckmann, Z. Hadzibabic, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 140401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye and J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 24, 1838 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haritos, K. G.

Haubrich, D.

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, Opt. Commun. 123, 558 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Helmcke, J.

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hensley, J. M.

A. Wicht, J. M. Hensley, E. Sarajlic, and S. Chu, Phys. Scr. T 102, 82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, S.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasevich, M.

Y. Brenton, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, in Atom Interferometry, P.R.Berman, ed. (Academic, 1997), pp. 363-406.

Kasevich, M. A.

Ma, L. S.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGuirk, J. M.

Müller, H.

H. Müller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 084701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peters, A.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D. E.

S. Gupta, K. Dieckmann, Z. Hadzibabic, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 140401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riehle, F.

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarajlic, E.

A. Wicht, J. M. Hensley, E. Sarajlic, and S. Chu, Phys. Scr. T 102, 82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sterr, U.

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wicht, A.

A. Wicht, J. M. Hensley, E. Sarajlic, and S. Chu, Phys. Scr. T 102, 82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilpers, G.

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wynands, R.

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, Opt. Commun. 123, 558 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye and J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 24, 1838 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chu, Nature 416, 206 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, Opt. Commun. 123, 558 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Gupta, K. Dieckmann, Z. Hadzibabic, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 140401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr. T (1)

A. Wicht, J. M. Hensley, E. Sarajlic, and S. Chu, Phys. Scr. T 102, 82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Müller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 084701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. Brenton, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, in Atom Interferometry, P.R.Berman, ed. (Academic, 1997), pp. 363-406.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Frequency generation and phase-locking scheme for simultaneous atom interferometers. AOM, acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Feedback loop block diagram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the slow and intermediate-speed PI controllers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Residual phase noise with an analog phase detector (measured out of loop). Solid curve, phase lock before fiber only; dashed curve: phase lock after fiber; gray curve, electronic out-of-loop phase noise measured with Mixer2 in Fig. 2. The gaps at 100 kHz and 1 MHz are due to different range settings between data sets. Inset, phase noise spectra of analog and digital phase detectors. Resolution bandwidth, 100 kHz.

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