Abstract

We have fabricated microstructured polymer optical fibers that guide light in a hollow core using the photonic bandgap mechanism. The hollow core allows the use of polymer fibers to be extended to wavelength ranges where material absorption typically prohibits their use, with attenuation lower than the material loss observed in the infrared. The fabrication method is similar to other microstructured polymer optical fibers, which has favorable implications for the feasibility of manufacturing such bandgap fibers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (1)

2004 (6)

2003 (2)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Express 12, 1458 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

Barton, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I. M.

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biancalana, F.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

Borrelli, N. F.

Broeng, J.

Couny, F.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daum, W.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, and O. Zimmerman, POF: Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

de Sterke, C. M.

Deyerl, H. J.

Farr, L.

Fellew, M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, T. P.

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henry, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Huang, Y.

Issa, N. A.

A. Argyros, N. A. Issa, I. M. Bassett, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, Opt. Lett. 29, 20 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, N.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

Krauser, J.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, and O. Zimmerman, POF: Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

Large, M. C. J.

Larsen, B. H.

Lee, R.

Li, T.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Li, Y.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Mangan, B. J.

Manos, S.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mason, M. W.

McPhedran, R. C.

Mortensen, N. A.

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Padden, W.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ren, L.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sabert, H.

Simonsen, H.

Smith, C. M.

Sorensen, T.

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terrel, M.

Tomlinson, A.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Vienne, G.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, L.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Wang, X.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

West, J. A.

Williams, D. P.

Xu, Y.

Yariv, A.

Zagari, J.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Argyros, I. M. Bassett, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, J. Zagari, N. A. P. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and C. M. de Sterke, Opt. Express 9, 813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zamzow, P.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, and O. Zimmerman, POF: Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

Zhang, Y.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Zhao, W.

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

Zimmerman, O.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, and O. Zimmerman, POF: Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (2)

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 69 (2004).

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, and O. Zimmerman, POF: Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

L. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. Li, L. Ren, X. Wang, B. Hu, Y. Li, and W. Zhao, presented at the International Symposium on Photonics, Biophotonics and Nanophotonics, Nanjing, China, May 14-18, 2005.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Material absorption of commercially available PMMA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning electron micrographs of the hollow-core mPOFs. Features such as the cracks and the apparent changing thickness of the core boundary are artifacts arising from the cleaving.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Transmission spectrum of Fiber A of different diameters (length 30 cm ), shown as a function of wavelength and scaled wavelength. Inset, the endface of the fibers show different colors guided in the hollow core, changing from red, green, blue, blue-violet, to yellow as the size decreases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Loss of a sample of Fiber A (black curve) and the PMMA material loss (gray curve), with absorption peaks highlighted in gray.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Change in guided wavelengths for a sample of Fiber A (length 30 cm , diameter 330 μ m ) as the strain was increased. The line indicates the calculated change in the size of the microstructure.

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