Abstract

A new method for measuring the backscattering produced by mirrors is presented. A mode-locked ring laser allows us to achieve more sensitivity than with any other technique. The present sensitivity to a minimum intensity backscattering coefficient (ratio of backscattered versus incident intensity) of 1015 can be enhanced through stabilization. We compare results realized with this technique with results issued from classical bidirectional reflectance distribution function measurements.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. L. Dennis, J.-C. Diels, and M. Lai, Opt. Lett. 16, 529 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Diddams, B. Atherton, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B 63, 473 (1996).
  3. X. Meng, R. Quintero, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 233, 167 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Lai and J.-C. Diels, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2290 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Bohn, J.-C. Diels, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Lett. 22, 642 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  8. X. Meng, J.-C. Diels, D. Kuehlke, R. Batchko, and R. Byer, Opt. Lett. 26, 265 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-C. Diels and L. Arissian, in Proc. SPIE 5708, 54 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005

J.-C. Diels and L. Arissian, in Proc. SPIE 5708, 54 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

X. Meng, R. Quintero, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 233, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

1997

1996

S. Diddams, B. Atherton, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B 63, 473 (1996).

1992

1991

Ackerman, M.

R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arissian, L.

J.-C. Diels and L. Arissian, in Proc. SPIE 5708, 54 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Atherton, B.

S. Diddams, B. Atherton, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B 63, 473 (1996).

Batchko, R.

Bohn, M. J.

Byer, R.

Dennis, M. L.

Diddams, S.

S. Diddams, B. Atherton, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B 63, 473 (1996).

Diels, J.-C.

J.-C. Diels and L. Arissian, in Proc. SPIE 5708, 54 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, R. Quintero, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 233, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, J.-C. Diels, D. Kuehlke, R. Batchko, and R. Byer, Opt. Lett. 26, 265 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Bohn, J.-C. Diels, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Lett. 22, 642 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Diddams, B. Atherton, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B 63, 473 (1996).

M. Lai and J.-C. Diels, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2290 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Dennis, J.-C. Diels, and M. Lai, Opt. Lett. 16, 529 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, R. K.

Kuehlke, D.

Lai, M.

Meng, X.

Navarro, M.

R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quintero, R.

X. Meng, R. Quintero, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 233, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quintero-Torres, R.

R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Appl. Phys. B

S. Diddams, B. Atherton, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B 63, 473 (1996).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

X. Meng, R. Quintero, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 233, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Quintero-Torres, M. Ackerman, M. Navarro, and J.-C. Diels, Opt. Commun. 240, 179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J.-C. Diels and L. Arissian, in Proc. SPIE 5708, 54 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Ti:sapphire ring cavity passively mode locked by a saturable absorber jet. M, mirror; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Above, section of a typical beat note. Below, Fourier transform of the beat note recorded for 1.5 s .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Lozenge, beat note produced by an empty cavity (no dead band). Square, beat note produced with a sample mirror at the pulses’ crossing point (size of dead band leads to the backscattering coefficient).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) BRDF scattering measurement of a CVI mirror with a 15 ° angle of incidence (corresponding to the angle of incidence on the sample in the cavity).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ P = Δ n d .
Δ ν a = ν P Δ P = Δ n d λ τ RT ,
Δ ν lock = 2 r 2 π τ RT .
Δ ν BN = Δ ν a 2 Δ ν e a 2 .
Δ ν BN 2 = a 2 [ ( V V 0 ) 2 V 0 Q 2 ] ,

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